Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    A punishment imposed by the court upon an unsuccessful plaintiff for making a false claim. See 3 Bl. Comm. 376.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    A pecuniary penalty, in the nature of a fine, imposed upon a person for some fault or misconduct, he being "in mercy" for his offense. It was assessed by the peers of the delinquent or the af-feerors or imposed arbitrarily at the discretion of the court or the lord. Goodyear v. Sawyer (C. C.) 17 Fed. 9. The difference between amercements and fines is as follows: The latter are certain, and are created by some statute; they can only be imposed and assessed by courts of record; the former are arbitrarily imposed by courts not of record, as courts-leet. Termes de la Ley, 40. The word "amercement" has long been especially used of a mulct or penalty, imposed by a court upon its own officers for neglect of duty, of failure to pay over moneys collected. In particular, the remedy against a sheriff for failing to levy an execution or make return of proceeds of sale is, in several of the states, known as "amercement" In others, the same result Is reached by process of attachment Abbott. Stansbury v. Mfg. Ch, 5 N. J. Law, 441.