Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary


  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    L. Lat. In old English law and practico. A bench or scat in the king's hall or palace. Fleta, lib. 2, c. 16, § 1. A high seat, or seat of distinction; a seat of judgment, or tribunal for the administration of justice. The English court of common picas was formerly called "Bancus." A sitting in home; the sittings of a court with its fuil judicial authority, or in full form, as distinguished from sittings at nisi prius. A stall, bench, table, or counter, on which goods were exposed for sale, Cowell.
    —Bancus regime. The queen's bench. See Queen's Bench.
    —Bancns regis. The king's bench ; the supreme tribunal of the king after parliament. 3 Bl. Comm. 41.
    —Bancus superior. The upper bench. The king's bench was so called during the Protectorate,