Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    One who transports goods for hire.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    One who undertakes to transport persons or property from place to place, by any means of conveyanco, and with or without compensation.
    —Common and private carriers. Carriers are either common or private. Private carriers are persons who undertake for the transportation in a particular instance only, not making it their vocation, nor holding themselves out to the public as ready to act for nil who desire their services. Allen v. Sack rider, 37 N. Y. 341. To bring a person within the description of a common carrier, he must exercise it as a public employment; he must undertake to carry goods for persons generally; and he must hold himself out as ready to transport goods for hire, as a business, not as a casual occupation, pro h&c vice. Alexander v. Greene, 7 Hill (N. Y.) 564; Bell v. Pidgeon, (D. C.) 5 Fed. 634; Wyatt v. Irr. Co.., 1 Colo. App. 480, 29 Pac. 906. A common carrier may therefore be defined as one who, by virtue of his calling and as a regular business, undertakes for hire to transport persons or commodities from place to place, offering his services to all such as may choose to employ him and pay his charges. Iron Works v. Hurlbut, 158 N. Y. 34, 52 N. E. 665, 70 Am. St. Rep. 432; Dwight v. Brewster, 1 Pick. (Mass.) 53, 11 Am. Dec. 133; Railroad Co. v. Waterbury Button Co., 24 Conn. 479: Fuller v. Bradley, 25 Pa. 120; Mc-Duffee v. Railroad Co., 52 N. H. 447. 13 Am. Rep. 72; Piedmont Mfg. Co. v Railroad Co., 19 S. C. 364. By statute in several states it is declared that every one who offers to the public to carry persons, property, or messages, excepting only telegraphic messages, is a common carrier of whatever he thus offers to carry. Civ. Code Cal. § 2168; Civ Code Mont § 2870; Rev. St. Oki 1303, § 700; Rev. Codes N I>. 1899, § 4224; Civ. Code S D 1903, § 1577. Common carriers are of two kinds
    —by land, as owners of stages, stage-wagons, railroad cars, teamsters, cartmen, draymen, and porters ; and by water, as owners of ships, steam-boats, barges ferrymen, lightermen, and canal boatmen. 2 Kent, Comm. 597.
    —Common carriers of passengers. Common carriers of passengers are such as undertake for hire to carry all persons indifferently who may apply for passage. Gillingham v. Railroad Co... 35 W. Va. 588 14 S E 243, 14 L. R. A. 798 29 Am. St. Rep. 827; Electric Co. v. Simon, 20 Or 60 25 Pac. 147 10 L. R. A. 251. 23 Am. St. Rep 86: Richmond v. Sonthem Pac Co., 41 Or. 54 67 Pac. 947, 57 L. R. A. 616, 93 Am. St. Ren. 694.