Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    An accident without design. See 4 Bl. Comm. 26.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    In criminal law. An accident ; an unexpected, unforeseen or unintended consequence of an act; a fortuitous event The opposite of intention, design or contrivance. There is a wide difference between chance and accident. The one is the intervention of some unlooked-for circumstance to prevent an expected result; the other is the uncalculated effect of mere luck. The shot discharged at random strikes its object by chance; that which is turned aside from its well-directed nim by some unforeseen circumstance misses its mark by accident. Pure chance consists in the entire absence of nil the means of calculating results ; accident, in the up usual prevention of an effect naturally resulting from the means employed. Harless v. U. S.. Morris (Iowa) 173.
    —Chance verdict. One determined by hazard or lot, and not by the deliberate understanding and agreement of the jury. Goodman v. Cody, 1 Wash. T. 335, 34 Am. Rep. 808; Dixon v. Pluns, 98 Cal. 384, 33 Pac. 268, 20 In R. A. 698, 35 Am. St. Rep. 180; Improvement Co., v. Adams, 1 Colo. App. 250, 28 Paa 662.