Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    A system of courts of the United States (one in each circuit) created by act of congress of March 3, 1891 (U. S. Comp. St 1901, p. 488), composed of the circuit justice, the circuit Judge, and an additional circuit judge appointed for each such court, and having appellate jurisdiction from the circuit and district courts except in certain specified classes of cases. Circuitus est evitandus; et boni judicis est lites dirimere, ue lis ex lite oriatur. 5 Coke, 31. Circuity is to be avoided; and it is the duty of a good judge to determine litigations, lest one lawsnit arise out of another.