Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    The Roman law expounded by Justinian.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    The "Roman Law" and the "Civil Law" are convertible phrases, meaning the same system of jurisprudence; it is now frequently denominated the "Roman Civll Law." The word "civil," as applied to the laws in force in Louisiana, before the adoption of the Civil Code, is not used in contradistinction to the word "criminal," but must be restricted to the Roman law. It is used in contradistinction to the laws of England and those of the respective states. Jennison v. Warmack, 5 La. 493. 1. The system of jurisprudence held and administered in the Roman empire, particularly as set forth in the compilation of Justinian and his successors,—comprising the Institutes, Code, Digest, and Novels, and collectively denominated the "Corpus Juris Civilis,"—as distinguished from the common law of England and the canon law. 2. That rule of action which every particular nation, commonwealth, or city has established pecuiiarly for itself; more properly called "municipal" law, to distinguish it from the "law of nature," and from international law. The law which a people enacts is called the "civll law" of that people, but that law which natural reason appoints for all mankind is called the "law of nations," because all nations use it Bowyer, Mod. Civll Law, 19. 3. That division of municipal law which Is occupied with the exposition and enforcement of civil rights, as distingnished from criminal law.