Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    An organized assembly or collection of persons, established by law, and empowered to co-operate for the performance of seme special function or for the promotion of some common object, which may be educational, political, ecolesiastical or scientific in its character. The assemblage of the cardinals at Rome is calied a "college." So, in the United States, the body of presidential electors is called the "electoral college." In the most common use of the word, it designates an institution of learning (usually incorporated) which offers'instruction in the liberal arts and humanities and in' scientific branches, but not in the technical arts or those studies preparatory to admission to the professions. Com. v. Banks, 198 Pa. 397, 48 Atl. 277; Chegaray v. New York, 13 N. Y. 229; Northampton County v. Lafayette College, 128 Pa. 132, 18 Atl. 516. In England, it is a civll corporation, eompany or society of men, having certain priv-lleges, and endowed with certain revenues, founded by royal license. An assemblage of several of these colleges is called a "university." Wharton.