Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    A guardian.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    A guardian; protector; preserver. "When any person having property shall be found to be incapable of managing his affairs, by the court of probate in the district in which he resides, it shall appoint some person to be his conservator, who, upon giving a probate bond, shall have the charge of the person and estate of such incapable person." Gen. St. Conn. 1875, p. 346, § 1. Treat v. Peck, 5 Conn. 280.
    —Conservators of rivers. Commissioners or trustees in whom the control of a certain river is vested, in England, by act of parliament.
    — Conservators of the peace. Officers authorized to preserve and mnintain the public peace. In England, these officers were locally elected by the people until the reign of Edward III. when their appointment was vested in the king. Their duties were to prevent and arrest for breaches of the peace, but they had no power to arraign and try the offender until about 1360, when this authority was given to them by act of parliament, and "then they acquired the more honorable appellation of justices of the peace." 1 Bl. Comm. 351. Even after this time, however, many public officers were styled "conservators of the peace," not as a distinct office but by virtue of the duties and authorities pertaining to their offices. In this sense the term may include the king himself, the lord chancellor, justices of the king's bench, master of the rolls, coroners, sheriffs, constables, etc. 1 Bl. Comm. 350. See Smith v. Abbott, 17 N. J. Law, 358. The term is still in use in Texas, where the constitution provides that county judges shall be conservators of the peace. Const. Tex. art. 4, § 15; Jones v. State (Tex. Or. App.) 65 S. W. 92.