Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    A combination of two or more persons to procure an unlawful object, or to procure a lawful object by unlawful means. See 159 Pa. St. 420, 39 Am. St. Rep. 686, 23 L. R. A. 135, 28 Atl. 190.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    In criminal law. A combination or cohfederacy between two or more persons formed for the purpose of committing, by their joint efforts, some unlawful or criminal act or some act which is innocent in itself, but becomes uniawful when done by the concerted action of the conspirators or for the purpose of using criminal or uniawful means to the commission of an act not in itself unlawful. Pettibone v. In S., 148 U. S. 107, 13 Sup. Ct. 542, 37 L. Ed. 419; State v. Slutz, 106 La. 182, 30 South. 298; Wright v. In S., 108 Fed. 805, 48 C. C. A. 37; U. S. v. Benson, 70 Fed. 591, 17 C. C. A. 293; Girdner v. Walker, 1 Heishi (Tenn.) 180; Boutwell v. Man, 71 Vt 1, 42 Atl. 607, 43 In In A. 803, 76 Am. St. Rep. 746; U. S. v. Weber (C. C.) 114 Fed. 950; Comm. v. Hunt, 4 Mete. (Mass.) Ill, 38 Am. Dec. 346; Brdman v. Mitchell, 207 Pa. 79, 56 Atl. 327, 63 L. R. A. 534, 99 Am. St. Rep. 783; Standard Oll Co. v. Doyle, 118 Ky. 662, 82 S. W. 271, 111 Am. St. Rep. 331. Conspiracy is a consultation or agreement between two or more persons, either falsely to accuse another of a crime punishable by law; or wrongfully to injure or prejudice a third person, or any body of men, in any manner; or to commit any offense punishable by law; or to do any act with intent to prevent the course of justice; or to effect a legal purpose with a corrupt intent, or by improper means. Hawk. P. O. c. 72, § 2; Archb. Crim. Pi. 390, adding also combinations by journeymen to raise wages. State v. Murphy, 6 Ala. 765, 41 Am. Dec. 79. Civil and criminal. The term "civil" is used to designate a conspiracy which will furnish ground for a civil action, as where, in carrying out the design of the conspirators, overt acts are done causing legal damage, the person injured has a right of action. It is said that the gist of civil conspiracy is the injury or damage. While criminal conspiracy does not require such overt acts, yet, so far as the rights and remedies are concerned, all criminal conspiracies are embraced within the civil conspiracies. Brown v. Pharmacy Co.., 115 Ga. 429, 41 S. E. 553, 57 In R. A. 547, 90 Am. SL Ren. 126.