Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    The claim of a litigant before a court for adjudication by regular proceedings established for protection and redress. See 154 U. S. 447, 38 L. Ed. 1047, 14 Sup. Ct. Rep. 1125.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    A litigated question; adversary proceeding in a court of law; a civil action or suit, either at law or in equity. Barber v. Kennedy, 18 Minn. 216 (Gil. 196); State v. Guinotte, 156 Mo. 513, 57 S. W. 281, 50 L. R. A. 787. It differs from "case," which includes all suits, criminal as well as civil; whereas "controversy" is a civil and not a criminal proceeding. Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 Dall. 419. 431. 482. 1 L. Ed. 440.