Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    Finding guilty one accused of crime. See 48 La. Ann. 109, 35 L. R. A. 701, 18 South. 943.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    In practice. In a general sense, the result of a criminal trial which ends in a Judgment or sentence that the prisoner is guilty as charged. Finding a person guilty by verdict of a Jury. 1 Bish. Crim. Law, § 223. A record of the summary proceedings upon any penal statute before one or more justices of the peace or other persons duly authorized, in a case where the offender has been convicted and sentenced. Holthouse. In ordinary phrase, the meaning of the word "conviction" is the finding by the jury of a verdict that the aceused is guilty. But, in legal parlance, it often denotes the final Judgment of the ceurt. Blaufus v. People, 69 N. Y. 109, 25 Am. Rep. 148. The ordinary legal meaning of "conviction." when used to designate a particular stage of a criminal prosecution triable by a jury, is the confession of the accused in open court, or the verdict returned agninst him by the jury, which ascertains and publishes the fact of his guilt; while "judgment" or "sentence" is the appropriate word to denote the action of the court before which the trial is had, declaring the consequences to the convict of the fact thus ascertained. A pardon granted after verdict of guilty, but before sentence, and pending a hearing upon exceptions taken by the aceused during the trial, is granted after conviction; within the meaning of a constitutional restriction upon granting pardon bsfore conviction. When, indeed, the word "conviction" is used to describe the effect of the guilt of the accused as judicially proved in one case, when pleaded or given in evidence in another, it is sometimes used in a more comprehensive sense, including the judgment of the court upon the verdict or confession of guilt; as, for instance, in speaking of the plea of autrefois convict, or of the effect of guilt, judicially ascertained, as a disqualification of the convict. Co.m. v. Lockwood, 109 Mass. 323, 12 Am. Rep. 699.
    —Former conviction. A previous trini and conviction of the same offense as that now charged; pleadable in bar of the prosecution. Slate v. Ellsworth, 131 N. C. 773, 42 S. E. 699. 92 Am. St. Rep. 790; Williams v. State, 13 Tex. App. 285, 46 Am. Rep. 237.
    —Summary conviction. The conviction of a person, (usually for a minor misdemeanor,) as the result of his trial before a magistrate or court, without the intervention of a jury, which is authorized by statute in England and in many of the states. In these proceedings there is no intervention of a jury, but the party accused is acquitted or condemned by the suffrage of such Eerson only as the statute has appointed to be ls judge. A conviction reached on such a magistrate's trial is called a "summary conviction." Brown; Blair v. Com., 25 Grat. (Vat) 853.