Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    An officer charged with the duty of holding inquests over the bodies of persons dying by violence. See 20 Ga. 336.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    The name of an ancient officer of the common law, whose office and functions are continued in modem English and American administration. The coroner is an officer belonging to each county, and is charged with duties both judicial and ministerial, but chiefly the former. It ls hls special province and duty to make inquiry into the causes and circumstances of any death happening within his territory which occurs through violence or suddenly and with marks of suspicion. This examination (called the "coroner's inquest") is held with a jury of proper persons upon view of the dead body. See Bract, fol. 121; 1 Bl. Comm. 346-348; S Steph. Comm. 33. In England, another branch of his judicial office ls to inquire concerning shipwrecks, and certify whether wreck or not, and who is in possession of the goods; and also to inquire concerning treasure trove, who were the finders, and where it ls, and whether any one be suspected of having found and cencealed a treasure. 1 Bl. Comm. 349. It belongs to the ministerial office of the ceroner to serve writs and other process, and generally to discharge the duties of the sheriff, in case of the incapacity of that officer or a vacancy in his office. On the office and functions of coroners, see, further, Pueblo County v. Marshall, 11 Colo. 84, 16 Pac. 837; Cox v. Royal Tribs, 42 Or. 365, 71 Pac. 73, 60 In R. A. 620, 95 Am. St Rep. 752; Powell v. Wilson, 16 Tex. 59; Lancaster County v. Holyoke, 37 Neb. 328, 55 N. W. 950, 21 In R. A. 394.
    —Coroner's court. In England. A tribunal of reconi, where a coroner holds his inquiries. Cox v. Royal Tribe, 42 Or. 365, 71 Pac. 73, 60 L. R. A. 620, 95 Am. St. Rep. 752.
    —Coroner's inquest. An inquisition or examination into the causes and circumstances of any death happening by violence or under suspicious conditions within his territory, held by the coroner with the assistance of a jury. Boia-liniere v. County Co.m'rs, 32 Mo. 378.