Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    A court held for a preliminary investigation of charges against a soldier or an officer.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    In English law. A court sometimes appointed by the crown to ascertain whether it be proper to resort to extreme measures against a person charged before a court-martial. In American law. A court constituted by authority of the articles of war, invested with the power to examine into the nature of any transaction, accusation or imputation against any officer or soldier. The suid court shall conslst of one or more officers, not exceeding three, and a judge advocate or other suitable person, as a recorder, to reduce the proceedings and evidence to writing; all of whom shall be sworn to the performance of their duty. Rev. St. ยง 1342, arts. 115, 116 (U. S. Comp. St. 1901, pp. 070, 071.)