Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    One who has a definite demand against the estate, or a cause of action capable of adjustment and liquidation. See 118 Am. St. Rep. (Pa.) 909.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    A person to whom a debt is owing by another person, Called the "debtor." Mohr v. Elevator Co., 40 Minn. 348, 41 N. W. 1074; Woolverton v. Taylor Co., 43 III. App. 424; Insurance Co. v. Meeker, 37 N. J. Law, 300; Walsh v. Miller, 51 Ohio St 462, 38 N. E. 381. The foregoing is the strict legui sense of the term; but in a wider sense it means , one who has a legal right to demand and recover from another a sum of money on any account whatever, and hence may include the owner of any right of action against another, whether arising on contract or for a tort, a penalty, or a forfeiture. Keith v. Hiner, 63 Ark. 244, 38 S. W. 13; Bongard v. Block, 81 III. 186, 25 Am. Rep. 276; Chalmers v. Sheehy, 132 Cal. 459, 64 Pac. 709, 84 Am. St Rep. 62; Pierstoff v. Jorges, 86 Wis. 128, 56 N. W. 735, 39 Am. St. Rep. 881. Classification. A creditor is calied a "simple contract creditor," a "specialty creditor," a "bond creditor," or otherwise, according to the nature of the obligation giving rise to the debt Other compound and descriptive terms.
    —Attaching creditor. One who has caused an attachment to be issued and levied on property of his debtor.
    —Catholic creditor. In Scotch law, one whose debt is secured on ali or on several distinct parts of the debtor's property. The contrasted term (designating one who is not so secured) is "secondary creditor."
    —Certificate creditor. A creditor of a municipal corporation who receives a certificate of indebtedness for the amount of his claim, there being no funds on hand to pay him. Johnson v. New Orleans, 46 La. Ann. 714, 15 South. 100.
    —Confidential creditor. A term some-, times applied to creditors of a failing debtor who furnished him with the means of obtaining credit to which his real circumstances did not entitle him, thus involving loss to other creditors not in his confidence. Gay v. Strickland, 112 Ala. 567, 20 South. 921,
    —Creditor at large. One who has not established his debt by the recovery of a judgment or has not otherwise secured a lien on any of the debtor's property. U. S. v. Ingate (C. C.) 48 Fed. 254; Wolcott v. Ash-enfelter, 5 N. M. 442, 23 Pac. 780, 8 L. R. A. 691.
    —Domestic creditor. One who resides in the same state or country in which the debtor has his domicile or his property.
    —Execution creditor. One who, having recovered a judgment against the debtor for his debt or claim, has also caused an execution to be issued thereon.
    —Foreign creditor. One who resides in a state or country foreign to that where the debtor has his domicile or his property.
    —General creditor. A creditor at large (supra), or one who has no lien or security for the payment of his debt or claim. King v. Fraser, 23 S. C. 543, Wolcott v. Ashenfelter, 5 N. M. 442, 23 Pac. 7SO, 8 L R A. 691,
    —Joint creditors. Persons jointly entitled to require satisfaction of the same debt or demand.
    —Judgment creditor. One who has obtained a judgment against his debtor, under which he can enforce execution. King v. Fraser, 23 S. C. 548; Baxter v. Moses, 77 Me. 465, 1 Atl. 350, 52 Am. Rep. 783; Code Civ. Proc. N. Y. 1899, § 3343
    —Junior creditor. One whose claim or demand accrued at a date Later than that of a claim or demand held by another creditor, who is called correlatively the "senior" creditor.
    —Lien creditor. See Lien.
    —Preferred creditor. See Preferred.
    —Principal creditor. One whose claim or demand very greatly exceeds the claims of all other creditors in amount is sometimes so called. See In re Sullivan's Estate, 25 Wash. 430, 65 Pac. 793.
    — Secnred creditor. See Secured.
    —Subsequent creditor. One whose claim or demand accrued or came into existence after a given fact or transaction, such as the recording of a deed or mortgage or the execution of a voluntary conveyance McGhee v. Wells, 57 S. C. 280. 35 S. E. 529, 76 Am. St. Rep. 507; Evans v. Lewis, 30 Ohio St. 14,
    —Warrant creditor. A creditor of a municipal corporation to whom is given a municipal warrant for the amount of his claim, because there are no funds in hand to pay it. Johnson v. New Orleans, 46 La. Ann. 714, 15 South. 100.