Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    A custodian or keeper.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    Lat. A custodian, guard, keeper or warden; a magistrate.
    —Custos brevium. The keeper of the writs. A principal clerk belonging to the courts of queen's bench and common pleas, whose office it was to keep the writs returnable into those courts. The office was abolished by 1 Wm. IV. c. 5.
    —Custos ferarum. A gamekeeper. Townsh. PL 265.
    —Custos horrei regii. Protector of the royal granary. 2 Bl. Comm. 394.
    —Custos maris. In old English law. Warden of the sea. The title of a high naval officer among the Saxons and after the Conquest, corresponding with admiral.
    —Custos morum. The guardian of morals. The court of queen's bench has been so styled. 4 Steph. Comm. 377.
    —Custos placitorum coronae. In old English law. Keeper of the pleas of the crown. Bract. foL 145. Cowell supposes this office to have been the same with the custos rotulorum. But it seems rather to have been another name for "coroner." Crabb, Eng. Law, 150; Bract, fol. 136b.
    —Custos rotulorum. Keeper of the rolls. An officer in England who has the custody of the rolls or records of the sessions of the peace, and also of the commission of the peace itself. He is always a justice of the quorum in the county where appointed and is the principal civil officer in the county. 1 Bl. Comm. 349 ; 4 Bl. Comm. 272
    —Custos spiritualium. In English ecolesiastical law. Keeper of the spiritualities. He who exercises the spiritual jurisdiction of a diocese during the vacancy of the see. Cowell.
    —Custos temporalium. In English ecclesiastical law. The person to whom a vacant see or abbey was given by the king, as supreme lord. His office was, as steward of the goods and profits, to give an account to the escneator, who did the like to the exchequer.
    —Custos terræ. In old English law. Guardian, warden, or keeper of the land.