Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Day
    Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    The period between one midnight and. the next. See 52 La. Ann. 936, 78 Am. St. Rep. 364, 49 L. R. A. 218, 27 South. 566.

  • Day
    Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    1. A period of time consisting of twenty-four hours and Including the solar day and the night. Co. Litt. 135a; Fox v. Abel, 2 Conn. 54L
    2. The space of time which elapses between two successive midnights. 2 Bl. Cofnin. 141; Henderson v. Reynolds, 84 Ga. 159, 10 S. E. 734, 7 L. R. A. 327; State v. Brown, 22 Minn. 483; State v. Michel, 52 La. Ann. 936, 27 South. 565, 49 In R. A. 218, 78 Am. St. Rep. 364 ; Benson v. Adams, 69 Ind. 353, 35 Am. Rep. 220; Zimmerman v. Cowan, 107 III. 631, 47 Am. Rep. 476; Pulling v. People, 8 Barb. (N. Y.) 386.
    3. That portion of time during which the sun is above the horizon, and, in addition, that part of the morning and evening during which there is sufficient light for the features of a man to be reasonably discerned. 3 Inst. 63; Nicholls v. Sinte, 68 Wis. 416, 32 N. W. 543, 60 Am. Rep. 870; Trull V. Wilson, 9 Mass. 154; State v. McKnight, 111 N. C. 690, 16 S. El 319.
    4. An artificial period of time, computed from one fixed point to another twenty-four hours later, without any reference to the prevalence of light or darkness. Fuller v. Schroeder, 20 Neb. 631, 31 N. W. 109.
    5. The period of time, within the limits of a natural day, set apart either by law or by common usage for the transaction of particular business or the performance of labor; as in banking, in laws regulating the hours of labor, in Contracts for so many "days' work," and the like, the word "day" may signify six, eight, ten, or any number of hours. Hinton v. Locke, 5 Hili (N. Y.) 439; Fay v. Brown, 96 Wis. 434, 71 N. W. 895; Mc-Culsky v. Klosterman, 20 Or. 108, 25 Pan. 366, 10 L. R. A. 785.
    6. In practice and pleading. A particular time assigned or given for the appearance of parties in court, the return of writs, etc.
    —Astronomical day. The period of twenty-four hours beginning and ending at noon.
    —Artificial day. The time between the rising and setting of the sun ; that is, day or day-time as distinguished from night.
    —Civil day. The solar day, measured by the diurnal revolution of the earth, and denoting the interval of time which elapses between the successive transits of the sun over the same hour circle, so that the "civil day" commences and ends at midnight Pedersen v. Eugster, 14 Fed. 422.
    —Calendar days. See Calendar.
    —Clear days. See Clear.
    —Common day. In old English practice. An ordinary day in court. Cowell; Termes de la Ley.
    —Day certain. A fixed or appointed day; a specified particular day; a day in term. Regina v. Conyers, 8 Q. B. 99L
    —Days in hank. (In Lat dies in banco.) In practice. Certain stated days in term appointed for the appearance of parties, the return of process, etc., originally peculiar to the court of common pleas, or bench, (bank,) as it was anciently called. 3 Bl. Comm. 277.
    —Day in court. The time appointed for one whose rights are called judicially in question, or liable to be affected by judicial action, to appear in court and be heard in his own behalf. This phrase, as generally used, means not so much the time appointed for a hearing as the opportunity to present one's claims or rights in a proper forensic hearing before a competent tribunal. See Ferry v. Car Wheel Co... 71 Vt. 457, 45 Atl. 1035, 76 Am. St. Rep. 782.
    —Days of grace. A number of days allowed, as a matter of favor or grace, to a person who has to perform some act, or make some payment, after the time originally limited for the purpose has elapsed. In old practice. Three days allowed to persons summoned in the English courts, beyond the day named in the writ, to make their appearance ; the last day being calied the "quarto die post." 3 Bl. Comm. 278. In mercantile law. A certain number of days (generally three) allowed to the maker or acceptor of a bill, draft, or note, in which to make payment, after the expiration of the time expressed in the paper itself. Originally these days were granted only as a matter of grace or favor, but the allowance of them became an established custom of merchants, and was sanctioned by the couris, (and in some cases prescribed by statute,) so that they are now de-mandable as of right. Perkins v. Bank, 21 Pick. (Mass.) 485-, Bell v. Bank, 115 U. S. 373, 6 Sup. Ct. 105, 29 L. Ed. 409; Thomas v. Shoemaker, 6 Watts & S. (Pat) 182; Renner v. Bank, 9 Wheat. 581, 6 L. Ed. 166.
    —Day-time. The time during which there is the light of day, as distinguished from night or night-time. That portion of the twenty-four hours during which a man's person and countenance are distinguishable. Trull v. Wilson. 9 Mass. 154; Rex v. Tandy, 1 Car. & P. 297; Linnen v. Banfield, 114 Mich. 93, 72 N. W. 1. In law, this term is chiefly used in the definition of certain crimes, as to which it is material whether the act was committed by day or by night.
    —Judicial day. A day on which the court is actually in session. Heffner v. Heffner, 48 La. Ann. 1088, 20 South. 281.
    —Juridical day. A day proper for the transaction of business in court; one on which the court may lawfully sit, excluding Sundays and some holidays.
    —Law day. The day prescribed in a bond, mortgage, or defeasible deed for payment of the debt secured thereby, or, in default of payment, the forfeiture of the property mortgaged. But this does not now occur until foreclosure. Ward v. Lord, 10O Ga. 407, 28 S. E. 446 ; Moore v. Norman, 43 Minn. 428, 45 N. W. 857, 9 LR. A. 55, 19 Am. St. Rep. 247; Kortright v. Cady, 21 N. Y. 345. 78 Am. Rep. 145.
    —Legal day. A juridical day. See supra. And see Heffner v. Heffner, 48 La. Ann. 1088, 20 South. 281,
    —Natural day. Properly the period of twenty-four hours from midnight to midnight. Co. Litt. 135; Fox v. Abel, 2 Conn. 541; People v. Hatch, 33 111. 137. Though sometimes taken to mean the "day-time" or time between sunrise and sunset In re Ten Hour Law, 24 R. I. 608, 54 Atl. 602, 61 L. R. A. 612.
    —Non-judicial day. One on which process cannot ordinarily issue or be served or returned and on which the courts do not ordinarily sit. Whiiney v. Blackburn, 17 Or. 564, 21 Pac. 874, 11 Am. St. Rep. 807. More properly "non-juridical day."
    —Solar day. A term sometimes used as meaning that portion of the day when the sun is abave the horizon, but properly it is the time between two complete (apparent) revolutions of the sun. or between two consecutive positions of the sun over any given terrestrial meridian, and hence, according to the usual method of reckoning, from noon to noon at any given place.