Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    Twofold; acting in two capacities or having two aspects; multiplied by two. This term has ordinarily the same meaning in law as in popular speech. The principal compound terms into which it enters are noted below.
    —Double adultery. Adultery committed by two persons each of whom is married to another as distinguished from "single" adultery, where one of the participants is unmarried. Hunter v. U. S., 1 Pin. (Wist) 91, 39 Am. Dec. 277.
    —Double avail of marriage. In Scotch law. Double the ordinary or single value of a marriage. Bell. See Duplex Valor Mari-tagii.
    —Double bond. In Scotch law. A bond with a penalty, as distinguished from a single band. 2 Kames, Eq. 359
    —Double complaint, or double quarrel. In ecclesiastical law. A grievance made known by a clerk or other person, to the archbishop of the province, against the ordinary, for delaying or refusing to do justice in some cause ecclesiastical, as to give sentence, institute a clerk, etc. It is termed a "double complaint," because it is most commonly made against both the judge and him at whose suit justice is denied or delayed ; the effect whereof is that the archbishop, taking notice of the delay, directs his letters, under his authentical seal, to ali clerks of his province, commanding them to admonish the ordinary, within a certain number of days, to do the justice required, or otherwise to appear before him or his official, and there allege the cause of his delay; and to signify to the ordinary that if he neither perform the thing enjoined, nor appear nor show cause against it, he himself, in his court of audience, will forthwith proceed to do the justice that is due. Cowell.
    —Double costs. See Costs.
    —Double damages. See Damages.
    —Double eaglc. A gold coin of the United States of the value of twenty dollars.
    —Double entry. A system of mercantile book-keeping, in which the entries in the day-book, etc., are posted twice into the ledger. First, to a personal account, that is, to the account of the person with whom the dealing to which any given entry refers has taken place ; secondly, to an impersonal account, as "goods." Mozley & Whitley.
    —Double fine. In old English law. A fine sur done grant et render was calied a "double fine," because it comprehended the fine eur cognisance de droit come ceo, etc., and the fine eur concessit. 2 Bl. Comm. 353
    —Donble insurance is where divers insurances are made upon the same interest in the same subject against the same risks in favor of the same assured, in proportions exceeding the value. 1 Phill. Ins. §§ 359, 366. A double insurance exists where the same person is insured by several insurers separately in respect to the same subject and interest. Civ. Code Cal. § 2641; Wells v. Insurance Co., 9 Serg. & It, (Pa.) 107; Insurance Co., v, Gwathmey, 82 Va. 923, 1 S. E. 200; Perkins v. Insurance Co... 12 Mass. 218; Lowell Mfg. Co. v. Safeguard F. Ins. Co., 88 N. Y. 597.
    —Double plea, double pleading. See Duplicity; Plea; Pleading.
    —Donble possibility. A possibility upon a possibility. 2 BL Comm. 170.
    —Donble rent. In English law. Rent payable by a tenant who continues in possession after the time for which he has given notice to quit, until the time of his quitting possession. St. 11 Geo. II. c. 19,
    —Donble taxation. The taxing of the same item or piece of property twice to the same person, or taxing it as the property of one person and again as the property of another; but this does not include the imposition of different taxes concurrently on the same property (e. g., a city tax and a school tax), nor the taxation of the same piece of property to different persons when they hold different interests in it or when it represents different values in their hands, as when both the mortgagor and mortgagee of property are taxed in respect to their interests in it, or when a tax is laid upon the capital or property of a corporation and also upon the value of its shares of stock in the hands of the separate stockholders. Cook v. Burlington, 59 Iowa, 251, 13 N. W. 113, 44 Am. Ren. 679; Cheshire County Tel. Co., v. State, 63 N. H. 167; Detroit Common Council v. Detroit Assessors, 91 Mich. 78, 51 N. W. 787, 16 L. R. A. 59.
    —Donble use. In patent law. An application of a principle or process, previously known and applied, to some new use, but which does not lead to a new result or the production of a new article. De Lamar v. De Lamar Min. Co. (C. C.) 110 Fed. 542; In re Blandy, 3 Fed. Cas. 071.
    —Double value. In English law. This is a penalty on a tenant holding over after his landlord's notice to quit. By 4 Geo. II. c. 28, § 1, it is enacted that if any tenant for life or years hold'over any lands, etc., after the determination of his estate, after demand made, and notice in writing given, for delivering the possession thereof, by the landlord, or the person having the reversion or remainder therein, or his agent thereunto lawfully authorized, such tenant so holding over shall pay to the person so kept out of possession at the rate of double the yearly value of the lands, etc., so detained, for so long a time as the same are detained. See Woodf. Land & Ten. (12th Ed.) 717, et seq.
    —Double voucher. This was when a common recovery was had, and an estate of freehold was first conveyed to any indifferent person against whom the prœcipe was brought, and then he vouched the tenant in tail, who vouched over the common vouchee. Foe, if a recovery were had immediately against a tenant in tail, it barred only the estate in the premises of which he was then actually seised, whereas, If the recovery were had against another person, and the tenant in tail were vouchee, it barred every latent right and interest which he might have in the lands recovered. 2 Bl. Comm. 359.
    —-Double waste. When a tenant bound to repair suffers a house to be wasted, and then unlawfully fells timber to repair it, he is said to commit double waste. Co. Litt. 53.
    —Double will. A will in which two persons j'oin, each leaving his property and estate to the other, so that the survivor takes the whole. Evans v. Smith, 28 Ga. 98, 73 Am. Dec. 751.