Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    An edict.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    In the Roman law. An edict; a mandate or ordinance. An ordinance or law, enacted by the emperor without the senate; belonging to the class of constitutiones principis. Inst. 1, 2, 6. An edict was a mere voluntary constitution of the emperor; differing from a rescript, in not being returned in the way of answer; and from a decree, in not baing given in judgment; and from both, in not being founded upon solicitation. Tayl. Civil Law, 233. A general order published by the prætor, on entering upon his office," containing the system of rules by which he would administer justice during the year of his office. Dig. 1, 2, 2, 10; Mackeld. Rom. Law, § 35. Tayl. Civil Law, 214. See Calvin.
    —Edietum annuum. The annual edict or system of rules promulgated by a Roman praetor immediately upon assuming his office, setting forth the principles by which he would be guided in determining causes during his term of office. Mackeld. Rom. Law, § 36.
    —Edietum perpetuum. The perpetual edict A compilation or system of law in fifty books, digested by Julian, a lawyer of great eminence under the reign of Adrian, from the prætor's edicts and other parts of the Jus Honorarium. A11 the remains of it which have come down to us are the extracte of it in the Digests. Butl. Hor. Jur. 52.
    —Edietum provinciale. An edict or system of rules for the administration iof justice, similar to the edict of the prætor, put forth by the proconsuls and propraetors in the provinces of the Roman Empire. Mackeld. Rom. Law, § 36.
    —Edietum Theodorici. This is the first collection of law that was made after the downfall of the Roman power in Italy. It was promulgated by Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths, at Rome in A. D. 500. It consists of 154 chapters, in which we recognize parts taken from the Code and Novelise of Theodosius, from the Codices Gregorianus and Hermogenian-us, and the Sententiae of Panius. The edict was doubtless drawn up by Roman writers, but the original sources are more disfigured and altered than in any other compilation. This collection of law was intended to apply both to the Goths and the Romans, so far as its provisions went; but, when it made no niteration in the Gothic law, that law was still to be in force. Savigny, Geschichte desR. R.
    —Edictum tralatitium. Where a Roman prætor, upon assuming office, did not publish a wholly new edict, but retained the whole or a principal part of the edict of his predecessor (as was usually the case) only, adding to it such rules as appeared to be necessary to adapt it to changing social conditions or juristic ideas, it was calied "edietum tralatitium." Mackeld. Rom. Law, § 36.