Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    A choice; a selection; a selection by votes. See 82 Iowa, 216, 11 L. R. A. 354, 47 N. W. 1091.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    The act of choosing or selecting one or more from a greater number of persons, things, courses or rights. The choice of an alternative. Sinte v. Tucker, 54 Ala. 210. The internal, free, and spontaneous separation of one thing from another, without compulsion, consisting in intention and with Dyer, 281. The selection of one man from among several candidates to discharge certain duties in a state, corporation, or society. Maynard v. District Canvassers, 84 Mich. 228, 47 N. W. 756, 11 In R. A. 332; Brown v. Phillips, 71 Wis. 239, 36 N. W. 242; Wickersham v. Brittan, 93 Cal. 34, 28 Pan. 792, 15 In R. A. 106. The choice which is open to a debtor who is bound in an alternative obligation to select either one of the alternatives. In equity. The obligation imposed upon a party to choose between two inconsistent or alternative rights or claims, in cases where there is clear intention of the person from whom he derives one that he should not enjoy both. 2 Story, Eq. Jur. § 1075; Bliss v. Geer, 7 III. App. 617; Norwood v. Lassiter, 132 N. C. 52, 43 S. E. 509; Salen-tine v. Insurance Co.., 79 Wis. 580, 48 N. W. 855, 12 In R. A. 690. The doctrine of election presupposes a plurality of gifts or rights, with an intention, express or implied, of the party who has a right to control one or bath, that one should be a substitute for the other. 1 Swanst. 394, note b; 3 Wood. Leet 491; 2 Rop. Leg. 480-578. In practice. The liberty of choosing (or the act of choosing) one out of several means afforded by law for the redress of an injury, or one out of several avaUable forms of action. Almy v. Harris, 5 Johns. (N. Y.) 175 In criminal law. The choice, by the prosecution, upon which of several counts in an indictment (charging distinct offenses of the same degree, but not parts of a continuous series of acts) it will proceed. Jackson v. State, 95 Ala. 17, 10 South. 657. In, the law of wills. A widow's election is her choice whether she wlll take under the will or under the statute; that is, whether she will accept the provision made for her in the will, and acquiesce in her husband's disposition of his property, or disregard it and claim what the law allows her. In re Cunningham's Estate, 137 Pa. 621, 20 Atl. 714, 21 Am. St. Rep. 901; Sill v. Sill, 31 Kan. 248, 1 Pac. 556; Burroughs v. De Couts, 70 Cui. 361, 11 Pac. 734.
    —Election auditors. In English law. Officers annually appointed, to whom was committed the duty of taking and publishing the account of ali expenses incurred at parliamentary elections. See 17 & 18 Viet. c. 102, §§ 18, 2628. But these sections have been repealed by 26 Viet. c. 29, which throws the duty of preparing the accounts on the declared agent of the candidate, and the duty of publishing an abstract of it on the returning officer. Wharton.
    —Election district. A subdivision of territory, whether of state, county, or city, the boundaries of which are fixed by law, for convenience in local or general elections. Chase v. Miller, 41 Pa. 420; Lane v. Otis, 68 N. J. Law, 656, 54 Atl. 442.
    —Election dower. A name sometimes given to the provision which a law or statute makes for a widow in case she "elects" to rej'ect the provision made for her in the will and take what the statute accords. Adams v. Adams, 183 Mo. 396, 82 S. W. 66.
    —Election judges. In English law. Judges of the high court selected in pursuance of 31 & 32 Viet. c. 125, § 11, and Jud. Act 18.73, § 38, for the trial of election petitions.
    —Election petitions. Petitions for inquiry into the validity of elections of members of parliament, when it is alleged that the return of a member is invalid for bribery or any other reason. These petitions are heard by a judge pf one of the common-law divisions of the high court.
    — Equitable election. The choice to be made by a person who may, under a will or other instrument, have either one of two alternative rights or benefits, but not both. Peters v. Bain, 133 U. S. 670, 10 Sup. Ct. 364, 33 L. Ed. 696; Drake v. Wild, 70 Vt. 52, 39 Atl. 248.
    —General election.
    (1) One at which the officers to be elected are such as belong to the general government,
    —that is, the general and central political organization of the whole state; as distinguished from an election of officers for a particular locality only.
    (2) One held for the selection of an officer after the expiration of the full term of the former officer; thus distinguished from a special election, which is one held to supply a vacancy in office occurring before the expiration of the full term for which the incumbent was elected. State v. King, 17 Mo. 514; Downs v. State, 78 Md. 128, 26 Atl. 1005; Mackin v. State, 62 Md. 247; Kenfield v. Irwin, 52 Cal. 169.
    —Primary election. An election by the voters of a ward, precinct, or other small district, belonging to a particular party, of representatives or delegates to a convention which is to meet and nominate the candidates of their party to stand at an approaching municipal or general election. See State V. Hirsch, 125 Ind. 207, 24 N. E. 1062, 9 In R. A. 170; People v. Cavanaugh, 112 Cal. 676, 44 Pac. 1057; State v. Woodruff, 68 N. J. Law, 89, 52 Atl. 294.
    —Regular election. A general, usual, or stated election. When applied to elections, the terms "regular" and "general" are used interchangeably and synonymously. The word "regular" is used in reference to a general election occurring throughout the state. State v. Conrades, 45 Mo. 47; Ward v. Clark, 35 Kan. 315, 10 Pac. 827; People v. Babcock, 123 Cal. 307, 55 Pac. i017.
    —Special election. An election for a particular emergency; out of the regular course ; as one held to fill a vacancy arising by death of the incumbent of the office.