Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    To prove; to substantiate by proof; to settle certainly or fix permanently what was before uncertain, doubtful or disputed. See 124 Tenn. 450, Ann. Cas. 1912D, 1246, 138 S. W. 316.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    This word occurs frequently in the constitution of the United States, and it ls there used in different meanings:
    (1) To settle firmly, to fix unalterably; as to establish justice, which is the avowed object of the constitution.
    (2) To make or form; as to establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, which evidently does not mean that these laws shall be unalterably established as justice.
    (3) To found, to oreate, to regulate; as: "Congress shall have power to establish post-roads and postoffices."
    (4) To found, recognize, confirm or admit; as: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion."
    (5) To create, to ratify or confirm; as; "We, the people," etc., "do ordain and establish this constitution." 1 Story, Const. ยง 454. And see Dickey v. Turnpike Co., 7 Dana (Ky.) 125; Ware v. U. S., 4 Wall. 632, 18 In Ed. 389; U. S. v. Smith, 4 N. J. Law, 33. Establish ordinarily means to settle certainly, or fix permanently, what was before uncertain, doubtful, or disputed. Smith v. Forrest, 49 N. H. 230.