Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    In English law. A person appointed by a court to take the examination of witnesses in an action, i. e., to take down the result of their interrogation by the parties or their counsel, either by written interrogatories or vivd voce. An examiner is generally appointed where a witness is in a foreign country or is too ill or infirm to attend before the court, and is either an officer of the court or a person specially appointed for the purpose. Sweet. In New Jersey. An examiner is an officer appointed by the court of chancery to take testimony in causes depending in that court. His powers are similar to those of the English examiner in chancery. In the patent-office. An officer in the patent-office charged with the dnty of examining the patentability of1 Inventions for which patents are asked.
    —Examiner in chancery. An officer of the court of chancery, before whom witnesses are examined, and their testimony reduced to writing, for the purpose of being read on the hearing of the cause. Cowell.
    —Examiners. Persons appointed to question students of law in order to ascertain their qualifications before they are admitted to practice.
    —Special examiner. In English law. Some person, not one of the examiners of the court of chancery, appointed to lake evidence in a particular suit. This may be done when the state of business in the examiner's office is such that it is impossible to obtain an appointment at a conveniently early day, or when the witnesses may be unable to come to London. Hunt E5q. pt. L c. 5, § 2.