Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    Compensation for carriage of goods. See 3 Pick. (Mass.) 20, 15 Am. Dec. 175.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    Freight is properly the price or compensation paid for the transportation of goods by a carrier, at sea, from port to port. But the term is also used to denote the hire paid for the carriage of goods on land from place to place, (usually by a railroad company, not an express company,) or on inland streams or lakes. The name is also applied to the goods or merchandise transported by any of the above means. Brittan v. Barnaby, 21 How. 533, 16 L. Ed. 177; Huth v. Insurance Co., 8 Bosw. (N. Y.) 552; Christie v. Davis Coal Co.. (D. C) 95 Fed. 838; Hagar v. Donaldson, 154 Pa. 242, 25 AtL 824; Paradise v. Sun Mut. Ins. Co., 6 La. Ann. 596. Property carried is calied "freight;" the reward, if any, to be paid for its carriage is calied "freightage;" the person who delivers the freight to the carrier is called the "consignor;" and the person to whom it is to be delivered is calied the "consignee." Civil Co.de Cal. § 2110; Civil Code Dak. § 1220. The term "freight" has several different meanings, as the price to be paid for the carriage of goods, or for the hire of a vessel under a charter-party or otherwise; and sometimes it designates goods carried, as "a freight of lime," or the like. But, as a subject of insurance, it is used in one of the two former senses. Lord v. Neptune Ins. Go., 10 Gray (Mass.) 109. The sum agreed on for the hire of a ship, entirely or in part, for the carriage of goods from one port to another. 13 East, 300. All rewards or compensation pnid tor the use of ships. Giles v. Cynthia, 1 Pet Adm. 206, Fed. Cas. No. 5,424. Freight is a compensation received for the transportation of goods and merchandise from port to port; and is never claimable by the owner of the vessel until the voyage has been performed and terminated. Patapsco Ins. Co., v. Biscoe, 7 Gill & J. (Md.) 300, 28 Am. Dec. 319. "Dead freight" is money payable by a person who has chartered a ship and only partly loaded her, in respect of the loss of freight caused to the ship-owner by the deficiency of cargo. L. It. 2 H. In Se, 128. Freight is the mother of wages. 2 Show. 283 ; 3 Kent, Comm. 196. Where a voyage is broken up by vis major, and no freight earned, no wages, eo nomine, are due.