Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    A voluntary transfer of property from one to another without any consideration or compensation therefor. See 106 Cal. 113, 46 Am. St. Rep. 221, 28 L. R. A. 187, 38 Pac. 315, 39 Pac. 437.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    A voluntary conveyance of land or transfer of goods, from one person to another, made gratuitously, and not upon any consideration of blood or money. 2 Bl. Comin. 440 ; 2 Steph. Comm. 102; 2 Kent, Comm. 437. And sce Ingram v. Colgan, 106 Cal. 113, 38 Pac. 315, 28 In R. A. 187, 46 Am. St. Rep. 221; Gray v. Barton, 55 N. Y. 72, 14 Am. Rep. 181; Wllliamson v. Johnson, 62 Vt 378, 20 Atl. 279, 9 L. R. A. 277, 22 Am. St Rep. 117; Flanders v. Blandy, 45 Ohio St 113,12 N. E. 321. A gift is a transfer of personal property, made voluntarily and without consideration. Civll Code Cal. § 1146. In popular language, a voluntary conveyance or assignment is called a "deed of glft." "Gift" and "advancement" are sometimes used interchangeably as expressive of the same operation. But, while an advancement is always a gift, a gift is very frequently not an advancement. In re Dewees' Estate, 3 Brewst (Pa.) 314. In English law. A conveyance of lands In tall; a conveyance of an estate tall in which the operative words are "I give," or "I have given." 2 Bl. Comm. 316; 1 Steph. Comm. 473.
    —Absolute gift, as distinguished from one made in contemplation of death, is one by which the donee becomes in the lifetime of the donor the absolute owner of the thing given, whereas a donatio morti causa leaves the whole title in the donor, unless the event occurs (the death of the donor) which is to divest him. Buecker v. Carr, 60 N. J. Eq. 300, 47 Atl. 34. As distinguished from a gift in trust, it is one where not Only the legal title but the beneficial ownership as well is vested in the donee. Watkina v. Bigelow, 93 Minn. 210, 10O N. W. 1104,
    — Gift enterprise. A scheme for the division or distribution of certain articles of property, to be determined by chance, among those iyho have taken shares in the scheme. The phrase has attained such a notoriety as to justify a court in taking judicial notice of what is meant and understood by it. Lohman v. State, 81 Ind. 17; Lansburgh v. District of Columbia, 11 App. D. C. 524; State v. Shugart, 138 Ala. 86, 35 South. 28, i00 Am. St. Rep. 17; Winston v. Beeson, 135 N. C. 271, 47 S. E. 457. 65 L. R. A. 167.