Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    Lat. A sword. An ancient emblem of defense. Hence the ancient earls or comites (the king's attendants, advisers, and associates in his government) were made by being girt with swords, (gladio succincti.) The emblem of the executory power of the law in punishing crimes. 4 Bl. Comm. 177. In old Latin authors, and in the Norman laws, this word was used to signlfy supreme jurisdiction, (jus gladii.)