Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    1. Soil; earth; a portion of the earth's surface appropriated to private use and under cultivation or susceptible of cultivation. Though this term is sometimes used in conveyances and in statutes as equivalent to "land," it is properly of a more limited signification, because it applies strictly only to the surface, while "land" includes everything beneath the surface, and because "ground" always means dry land, whereas "land" may and often does include the beds of lakes and streams and other surfaces under water. See Wood v. Carter, 70 III. App. 218; State v. Jersey City, 25 N. J. Law, 529; Co.m. v. Roxbury, 9 Gray (Mass.) 491.
    —Ground annual. In Scotch law. An annual rent of two kinds: First, the feu duties payable to the lords of erection and their successors ; second, the rents reserved for building lots in a city, where sub-feus are prohibited. This rent is in the nature of a perpetual annuity. Bell; Ersk. Inst 11, 3, 52,
    —Ground landlord. The grantor of an estate on which a ground-rent is reserved.-
    —Ground-rent. A perpetual rent reserved to himself and his heirs, by the grantor of land in fee-simple, out of the land conveyed. It is in the nature of an emphyteutic rent. Also, in English law, rent paid on a building lease. See Hart v. Anderson, 198 Pa. 55$ 48 Atl. 636; Sturgeon v. Ely, 6 Pa. 406; Franciscus v. Reigart, 4 Watts. (Pa.) 116.
    2. A foundation or basis.