Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    A common-law writ by which one restrained of liberty is brought before a court for judicial inquiry as to the lawfulness of his restraint. See 5 Ind. 290, 61 Am. Dec. 90.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    Lat. (You have the body.) The name given to a variety of writs, (of which these were anciently the emphatic words,) having for their object to bring a party before a court or judge. In common usage, and whenever these words are used alone, they are understood to mean the habeas corpus ad subjiciendum, (see infra.)
    —Habeas corpus act. The English statute of 31 Car. II. c. 2, is the original and prominent habeas corpus act. It was amended and supplemented by St. 56 Geo. III. c. 100. And similar statutes have been enacted in all the United States. This act is justly regarded as the great constitutional guaranty of personal liberty
    —Habeas corpus ad deliberandum et recipiendum. A writ which is issued to remove, for trini, a person confined in one county to the county or place where the offense of which he is accused was committed. Bac. Abr. "Habeas Oorpus," A; 1 Chit Crim. Law, 132. Ex parte Bollman, 4 Cranch, 97, 2 L. Ed. 554. Thus, it has been granted to remove a person in custody for contempt to take his trial for erjury in another county. 1 Tyrw. 185.
    —Ha-eas corpus ad faciendum et recipiendum. A writ issuing in civil cases to remove the cause, as also the body of the defendant, from an inferior court to a superior court having jurisdiction, there to be disposed of. It is also called "habeas corpus cum causa." Ex parte Bollman, 4 Cranch, 07, 2 L. Ed. 554
    — Habeas corpus ad prosequendum. A writ which issues when it is necessary to remove a prisoner in order to prosecute in the proper jurisdiction wherein the fact was committed. 3 Bl. Comm. 130.
    —Habeas corpus ad respondendum. A writ which is usually employed in civil cases to remove a person out of the custody of one court into that of another, in order that he may be sued and answer the action in the latter. 2 Sell Pr. 259; 2 Mod. 198; 3 Bl. Comm. 129; 1 Tidd, Pr. 300.
    —Habeas corpus ad satisfaciendum. In English practice. A writ which issues when a prisoner has bad judgment against him in an action, and the plaintiff is desirous to bring him up to some superior court, to charge him with process of execution. 3 Bl. Comm. 129, 130; 3 Steph. Comm. 693; 1 Tidd, Pr. 350.
    —Habeas corpus ad subjiciendum. A writ directed to the person detaining another, and commanding him to produce the body of the prisoner, (or person detained,) with the day and cause of his caption and detention, ad faciendum, subjiciendum et recipiendum, to do, submit to, and receive whatsoever the judge or court awarding the writ shall consider in that behalf. 3 Bl. Comm. 131; 3 Steph. Comm. 695. This is the well-known remedy for deliverance from illegal confinement, calied by Sir William Blackstone the most celebrated writ in the English law, and the great and efficacious writ in all manner of illegal confinement. 3 Bl. Comm. 129
    —Habeas corpus ad testificandum. A writ to bring a witness into court, when he is in custody at the time of a trial, commanding the sheriff to have his body before the court, to testify in the cause. 3 Bl. Comm. 130; 2 Tidd, Pr. 809. Ex parte Marmaduke, 91 Mo. 250, 4 S. W. 91, 60 Am. Rep 250.
    —Habeas corpus cum causa. (You have the body, with the cause.) Another name for the writ of habeas corpus ad. faciendum et recipiendum, (q. v.) 1 Tidd, Pr. 348, 349.