Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    n. In old law. Tenure. A word constantly occurring in conjunction with others, as freehold, leasehold, copyhold, etc., but rarely met with in the separate form.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    v. I. To possess in virtue of a lawful tithe; as in the expression, common in grants, "to have and to hold," or in that applied to notes, "the owner and holder." Thompson v. Sandford, 13 Ga. 241; Bank of Michigan v. Niles, 1 Doug. (Mich.) 407, 41 Am. Dec. 575; Stansbury v. Hubner, 73 Md. 228, 20 Atl. 904, 11 In R. A. 204, 25 Am. St Rep. 584. 2. To be the grantee or tenant of another; to take or have an estate from another. Properly, to have an estate on condition of paying rent, or performing service. 3. To adjudge or decide, spoken of a court, particularly to declare the conclusion of law reached by the court as to the legal effect of the facts disclosed. 4. To maintain or sustain; to be under the necessity or duty of sustaining or proving; as when it is said that a party "holds the affirmative" or negative of an issue in a cause. 5. To bind or obligate; to restrain or constrain ; to keep in custody or under an obligation; as in the phrases "hold to bail," "hold for court," "held and firmly bound," etc. 6. To administer; to conduct or preside at; to convoke, open, and direct the operations of; as to hold a court, hold pleas, etc. Smith v. Pcople, 47 N. Y. 334. 7. To prosecute; to direct and bring about officially; to conduct according to law; as to hold an election. 8. To possess; to occupy; to be in possession and administration of; as to hold office.
    —Hold over. To hold possession after the expiration of a term or lease. To retain possession of property leased, after the end of the term. To continue in possession of an office and continue to exercise its functions, after the end of the officer's lawful term. State v. Simon. 20 Or. 365, 26 Pac. 174; Frost v. Akron Iron Co, 1 App. Div. 449, 37 N. Y. Supp. 374.
    —Hold pleas. To hear or try causes. 3 Bl. Comm. 35. 298.