Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    In the beginnings.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    In the preliminaries. A term in Scotch practice, applied to the preliminary examination of a witness as to the following points: Whether he knows the parties or bears ill will to either of them or has received any reward or promise of reward for what he may sav. or can lose or gain by the cause or has been told by any person what to say. If the witness answer these questions satisfactorily, he is then examined in causa, in the cause. Bell, Diet. "Evidence."