Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    Against the thing; against the property, not against a person. See 20 111. App. 183.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    A technical term used to designate proceedings or actions instituted against the thing, in contradistinction to personal actions, which are said to be in personam. See In Personam. It is true that, in a strict sense, a proceeding in rem is one taken directly against property, and has for its object the disposition of property, without reference to the title of individual claimants; but, in a larger and more general sense, the terms are applied to actions between parties, where the direct obj'ect is to reach and dispose of property owned by them, or of some interest therein. Such are cases commenced by attachment against the property of debtors, or instituted to partition real estate, foreclose a mortgage, or enforce a lien. So far as they affect property in this state, they are substantially proceedings in rem in the broader sense which we have mentioned. Pennoyer v. Neff, 95 U. S. 734, 24 L. Ed. 565.
    —Quasi in rem. A term applied to proceedings which are not strictly and purely tn rem, but are brought against the defendant personally, though the real object is to deal with particular property or subject property to the discharge of claims asserted ; for example, foreign attachment, or proceedings to foreclose a mortgage, remove a cloud from title, or effect a partition. See Freeman v. Alderson. 119 U. S. 187, 7 Sup. Ct. 165, 30 In Ed. 372; Hill v. Henry, 66 N. J. Eq. 150, 57 Atl. 555.