Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    A formal written accusation against one or more of crime filed in court by a prosecuting attorney. See 4 Tex. 242.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    In practice. An accusation exhibited against a person for some criminal offense, without an indictment. 4 Bl. Comm. 308. An accusation in the nature of an indictment, from which it differs only in being presented by a competent public officer on his oath of office, instead of a grand jury on their oath. 1 Bish. Crim. Proc. § 141; People v. Sponsion, 1 Dak. 289, 46 N. W. 459; Goddard v. State, 12 Conn. 452; State, v. Ashley, 1 Ark. 279; Clepper v. State, 4 Tex. 246. The word is also frequently used in the law in its sense of communicated knowledge, and affidavits are frequently made, and pleadings and other documents verified, on "information and belief." In French law. The act or instrument which contains the depositions of witnesses against the accused. Poth. Proc. Civil, § 2, art. 5.
    —Criminal information. A formal accusation of crime, differing from an indictment only in that it is preferred by a prosecuting officer instead of by a grand jury. U. S. v. Borger (C. C.) 7 Fed. 193; State v. Barrell, 75 Vt. 202, 54 Atl. 183, 98 Am. St. Rep. 813.
    —Information in the nature of a quo warranto. A proceeding against the usurper of a franchise or office. See Quo Warranto. -
    —Information of intrusion. A proceeding instituted by the state prosecuting officer agninst intruders upon the public domain. See Gen. St. Mass. c. 141; Gom. v. Andre's Heirs, 3 Pick. (Mass.) 224; Com. v. Hite, 6 Leigh (Vat) 588, 29 Am. Dec. 226.