Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition and Ballentine's Law Dictionary as are available for each term in each dictionary.
  • Ballentine's Law Dictionary

    That part of a declaration or complaint for defamation which explains the meaning of the defamatory words. See 4 Am. Dec. 349, note.

  • Black's Law Dictionary: 2nd Edition

    This Latin word (commonly translated "meaning") was the technical beginning of that clause in a declaration or indictment for slander or libel in which the meaning of the alleged libelous words was explained or the application of the language charged to the plaintiff was pointed out. Hence it gave its name to the whole clause; and this usage is still retained, although an equivalent English word is now substituted. Thus, it may be charged that the defendant said "he (meaning the said plaintiff) is a perjurer." The word is aiso used, (though more rarely,) in other species of pleadings, to introduce an explanation of a preceding word, charge or averment. It is said to mean no more than the words "id est," "scilicet," or "meaning," or "aforesaid," as explanatory of a subject-matter sufficiently expressed before; as "such a one, meaning the defendant," or "such a subject, meaning the subject in question." Cowp. 683. It is ouiy explanatory of some matter already expressed. It serves to point out where there is precedent matter, but never for a new charge. It may apply what is already expressed, but cannot add to or enlarge or change the sense of the previous words. 1 Chit. PI. 422. See Grand v. Dreyfus, 122 Cal. 58, 54 Pac. 389; Naulty v. Bulletin Co., 206 Pa. 128, 55 Atl. 862; Cheet-ham v. Tillotson, 5 Johns. (N. Y.) 438; Quinn v. Prudential Ins. Co., 116 Iowa, 522, 90 N. W. 349; Dickson v. State, 34 Tex. Cr. R. 1, 30 S. W. 807, 53 Am. St. Rep. 694.