42 USC 17061 - Definitions

In this title:[1]
(1) Administrator 
The term Administrator means the Administrator of General Services.
(2) Advisory Committee 
The term Advisory Committee means the Green Building Advisory Committee established under section 484.[1]
(3) Commercial Director 
The term Commercial Director means the individual appointed to the position established under section 17081 of this title.
(4) Consortium 
The term Consortium means the High-Performance Green Building Partnership Consortium created in response to section 17092 (c)(1) of this title to represent the private sector in a public-private partnership to promote high-performance green buildings and zero-net-energy commercial buildings.

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(5) Cost-effective lighting technology 

(A) In general 
The term cost-effective lighting technology means a lighting technology that
(i) will result in substantial operational cost savings by ensuring an installed consumption of not more than 1 watt per square foot; or
(ii) is contained in a list under
(I) section 8259b of this title;
(II) Federal acquisition regulation 23203; and
(III) is at least as energy-conserving as required by other provisions of this Act, including the requirements of this title[1] and title III[1] which shall be applicable to the extent that they would achieve greater energy savings than provided under clause (i) or this clause.[2]
(B) Inclusions 
The term cost-effective lighting technology includes
(i) lamps;
(ii) ballasts;

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(iii) luminaires;
(iv) lighting controls;
(v) daylighting; and
(vi) early use of other highly cost-effective lighting technologies.
(6) Cost-effective technologies and practices 
The term cost-effective technologies and practices means a technology or practice that
(A) will result in substantial operational cost savings by reducing electricity or fossil fuel consumption, water, or other utility costs, including use of geothermal heat pumps;
(B) complies with the provisions of section 8259b of this title and Federal acquisition regulation 23203; and
(C) is at least as energy and water conserving as required under this title,[1] including sections 431 through 435, and title V,[1] including sections 511 through 525, which shall be applicable to the extent that they are more stringent or require greater energy or water savings than required by this section.
(7) Federal Director 
The term Federal Director means the individual appointed to the position established under section 17092 (a) of this title.
(8) Federal facility 
The term Federal facility means any building that is constructed, renovated, leased, or purchased in part or in whole for use by the Federal Government.
(9) Operational cost savings 

(A) In general 
The term operational cost savings means a reduction in end-use operational costs through the application of cost-effective technologies and practices or geothermal heat pumps, including a reduction in electricity consumption relative to consumption by the same customer or at the same facility in a given year, as defined in guidelines promulgated by the Administrator pursuant to section 7628 (b) of this title, that achieves cost savings sufficient to pay the incremental additional costs of using cost-effective technologies and practices including geothermal heat pumps by not later than the later of the date established under sections 431 through 434,1 or
(i) for cost-effective technologies and practices, the date that is 5 years after the date of installation; and
(ii) for geothermal heat pumps, as soon as practical after the date of installation of the applicable geothermal heat pump.
(B) Inclusions 
The term operational cost savings includes savings achieved at a facility as a result of
(i) the installation or use of cost-effective technologies and practices; or
(ii) the planting of vegetation that shades the facility and reduces the heating, cooling, or lighting needs of the facility.
(C) Exclusion 
The term operational cost savings does not include savings from measures that would likely be adopted in the absence of cost-effective technology and practices programs, as determined by the Administrator.
(10) Geothermal heat pump 
The term geothermal heat pump means any heating or air conditioning technology that
(A) uses the ground or ground water as a thermal energy source to heat, or as a thermal energy sink to cool, a building; and
(B) meets the requirements of the Energy Star program of the Environmental Protection Agency applicable to geothermal heat pumps on the date of purchase of the technology.
(11) GSA facility 

(A) In general 
The term GSA facility means any building, structure, or facility, in whole or in part (including the associated support systems of the building, structure, or facility) that
(i) is constructed (including facilities constructed for lease), renovated, or purchased, in whole or in part, by the Administrator for use by the Federal Government; or
(ii) is leased, in whole or in part, by the Administrator for use by the Federal Government
(I) except as provided in subclause (II), for a term of not less than 5 years; or
(II) for a term of less than 5 years, if the Administrator determines that use of cost-effective technologies and practices would result in the payback of expenses.
(B) Inclusion 
The term GSA facility includes any group of buildings, structures, or facilities described in subparagraph (A) (including the associated energy-consuming support systems of the buildings, structures, and facilities).
(C) Exemption 
The Administrator may exempt from the definition of GSA facility under this paragraph a building, structure, or facility that meets the requirements of section 8253 (c) of this title.
(12) High-performance building 
The term high-performance building means a building that integrates and optimizes on a life cycle basis all major high performance attributes, including energy conservation, environment, safety, security, durability, accessibility, cost-benefit, productivity, sustainability, functionality, and operational considerations.
(13) High-performance green building 
The term high-performance green building means a high-performance building that, during its life-cycle, as compared with similar buildings (as measured by Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey or Residential Energy Consumption Survey data from the Energy Information Agency)
(A) reduces energy, water, and material resource use;
(B) improves indoor environmental quality, including reducing indoor pollution, improving thermal comfort, and improving lighting and acoustic environments that affect occupant health and productivity;
(C) reduces negative impacts on the environment throughout the life-cycle of the building, including air and water pollution and waste generation;
(D) increases the use of environmentally preferable products, including biobased, recycled content, and nontoxic products with lower life-cycle impacts;
(E) increases reuse and recycling opportunities;
(F) integrates systems in the building;
(G) reduces the environmental and energy impacts of transportation through building location and site design that support a full range of transportation choices for users of the building; and
(H) considers indoor and outdoor effects of the building on human health and the environment, including
(i) improvements in worker productivity;
(ii) the life-cycle impacts of building materials and operations; and
(iii) other factors that the Federal Director or the Commercial Director consider to be appropriate.
(14) Life-cycle 
The term life-cycle, with respect to a high-performance green building, means all stages of the useful life of the building (including components, equipment, systems, and controls of the building) beginning at conception of a high-performance green building project and continuing through site selection, design, construction, landscaping, commissioning, operation, maintenance, renovation, deconstruction or demolition, removal, and recycling of the high-performance green building.
(15) Life-cycle assessment 
The term life-cycle assessment means a comprehensive system approach for measuring the environmental performance of a product or service over the life of the product or service, beginning at raw materials acquisition and continuing through manufacturing, transportation, installation, use, reuse, and end-of-life waste management.
(16) Life-cycle costing 
The term life-cycle costing, with respect to a high-performance green building, means a technique of economic evaluation that
(A) sums, over a given study period, the costs of initial investment (less resale value), replacements, operations (including energy use), and maintenance and repair of an investment decision; and
(B) is expressed
(i) in present value terms, in the case of a study period equivalent to the longest useful life of the building, determined by taking into consideration the typical life of such a building in the area in which the building is to be located; or
(ii) in annual value terms, in the case of any other study period.
(17) Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings 
The term Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings means the Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings established under section 17081 (a) of this title.
(18) Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings 
The term Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings means the Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings established under section 17092 (a) of this title.
(19) Practices 
The term practices means design, financing, permitting, construction, commissioning, operation and maintenance, and other practices that contribute to achieving zero-net-energy buildings or facilities.
(20) Zero-net-energy commercial building 
The term zero-net-energy commercial building means a commercial building that is designed, constructed, and operated to
(A) require a greatly reduced quantity of energy to operate;
(B) meet the balance of energy needs from sources of energy that do not produce greenhouse gases;
(C) therefore result in no net emissions of greenhouse gases; and
(D) be economically viable.
[1] See References in Text note below.
[2] So in original. Does not fit with cl. (ii) introductory provision.