42 USC 295p - Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter:
(1) 
(A) The terms school of medicine, school of dentistry, school of osteopathic medicine, school of pharmacy, school of optometry, school of podiatric medicine, school of veterinary medicine, school of public health, and school of chiropractic mean an accredited public or nonprofit private school in a State that provides training leading, respectively, to a degree of doctor of medicine, a degree of doctor of dentistry or an equivalent degree, a degree of doctor of osteopathy, a degree of bachelor of science in pharmacy or an equivalent degree or a degree of doctor of pharmacy or an equivalent degree, a degree of doctor of optometry or an equivalent degree, a degree of doctor of podiatric medicine or an equivalent degree, a degree of doctor of veterinary medicine or an equivalent degree, a graduate degree in public health or an equivalent degree, and a degree of doctor of chiropractic or an equivalent degree, and including advanced training related to such training provided by any such school.
(B) The terms graduate program in health administration and graduate program in clinical psychology mean an accredited graduate program in a public or nonprofit private institution in a State that provides training leading, respectively, to a graduate degree in health administration or an equivalent degree and a doctoral degree in clinical psychology or an equivalent degree.
(C) The terms graduate program in clinical social work and graduate program in marriage and family therapy and graduate program in professional counseling mean an accredited graduate program in a public or nonprofit private institution in a State that provides training, respectively, in a concentration in health or mental health care leading to a graduate degree in social work and a concentration leading to a graduate degree in marriage and family therapy and a concentration leading to a graduate degree in counseling.

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(D) The term graduate program in behavioral health and mental health practice means a graduate program in clinical psychology, behavioral health and mental health practice, clinical social work, professional counseling, or marriage and family therapy.
(E) The term accredited, when applied to a school of medicine, osteopathic medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, public health, or chiropractic, or a graduate program in health administration, clinical psychology, clinical social work, professional counseling, or marriage and family therapy, means a school or program that is accredited by a recognized body or bodies approved for such purpose by the Secretary of Education, except that a new school or program that, by reason of an insufficient period of operation, is not, at the time of application for a grant or contract under this subchapter, eligible for accreditation by such a recognized body or bodies, shall be deemed accredited for purposes of this subchapter, if the Secretary of Education finds, after consultation with the appropriate accreditation body or bodies, that there is reasonable assurance that the school or program will meet the accreditation standards of such body or bodies prior to the beginning of the academic year following the normal graduation date of the first entering class in such school or program.
(2) The term teaching facilities means areas dedicated for use by students, faculty, or administrative or maintenance personnel for clinical purposes, research activities, libraries, classrooms, offices, auditoriums, dining areas, student activities, or other related purposes necessary for, and appropriate to, the conduct of comprehensive programs of education. Such term includes interim facilities but does not include off-site improvements or living quarters.
(3) The term program for the training of physician assistants means an educational program that
(A) has as its objective the education of individuals who will, upon completion of their studies in the program, be qualified to provide primary care under the supervision of a physician;
(B) extends for at least one academic year and consists of
(i) supervised clinical practice; and
(ii) at least four months (in the aggregate) of classroom instruction, directed toward preparing students to deliver health care;
(C) has an enrollment of not less than eight students; and
(D) trains students in primary care, disease prevention, health promotion, geriatric medicine, and home health care.

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(4) The term school of allied health means a public or nonprofit private college, junior college, or university or hospital-based educational entity that
(A) provides, or can provide, programs of education to enable individuals to become allied health professionals or to provide additional training for allied health professionals;
(B) provides training for not less than a total of twenty persons in the allied health curricula (except that this subparagraph shall not apply to any hospital-based educational entity);
(C) includes or is affiliated with a teaching hospital; and
(D) is accredited by a recognized body or bodies approved for such purposes by the Secretary of Education, or which provides to the Secretary satisfactory assurance by such accrediting body or bodies that reasonable progress is being made toward accreditation.
(5) The term allied health professionals means a health professional (other than a registered nurse or physician assistant)
(A) who has received a certificate, an associates degree, a bachelors degree, a masters degree, a doctoral degree, or postbaccalaureate training, in a science relating to health care;
(B) who shares in the responsibility for the delivery of health care services or related services, including
(i) services relating to the identification, evaluation, and prevention of disease and disorders;
(ii) dietary and nutrition services;
(iii) health promotion services;
(iv) rehabilitation services; or
(v) health systems management services; and
(C) who has not received a degree of doctor of medicine, a degree of doctor of osteopathy, a degree of doctor of dentistry or an equivalent degree, a degree of doctor of veterinary medicine or an equivalent degree, a degree of doctor of optometry or an equivalent degree, a degree of doctor of podiatric medicine or an equivalent degree, a degree of bachelor of science in pharmacy or an equivalent degree, a degree of doctor of pharmacy or an equivalent degree, a graduate degree in public health or an equivalent degree, a degree of doctor of chiropractic or an equivalent degree, a graduate degree in health administration or an equivalent degree, a doctoral degree in clinical psychology or an equivalent degree, or a degree in social work or an equivalent degree or a degree in counseling or an equivalent degree.
(6) The term medically underserved community means an urban or rural area or population that
(A) is eligible for designation under section 254e of this title as a health professional shortage area;
(B) is eligible to be served by a migrant health center under section 254b1 of this title, a community health center under section 254c1 of this title, a grantee under section 254b (h) of this title (relating to homeless individuals), or a grantee under section 256a1 of this title (relating to residents of public housing);
(C) has a shortage of personal health services, as determined under criteria issued by the Secretary under section 1395x (aa)(2) of this title (relating to rural health clinics); or
(D) is designated by a State Governor (in consultation with the medical community) as a shortage area or medically underserved community.
(7) The term Department means the Department of Health and Human Services.
(8) The term nonprofit refers to the status of an entity owned and operated by one or more corporations or associations no part of the net earnings of which inures, or may lawfully inure, to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.
(9) The term State includes, in addition to the several States, only the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
(10) 
(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the term underrepresented minorities means, with respect to a health profession, racial and ethnic populations that are underrepresented in the health profession relative to the number of individuals who are members of the population involved.
(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), Asian individuals shall be considered by the various subpopulations of such individuals.
(11) The term psychologist means an individual who
(A) holds a doctoral degree in psychology; and
(B) is licensed or certified on the basis of the doctoral degree in psychology, by the State in which the individual practices, at the independent practice level of psychology to furnish diagnostic, assessment, preventive, and therapeutic services directly to individuals.
[1] See References in Text notes below.