42 USC 1396d - Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter
(a) Medical assistance 
The term medical assistance means payment of part or all of the cost of the following care and services (if provided in or after the third month before the month in which the recipient makes application for assistance or, in the case of medicare cost-sharing with respect to a qualified medicare beneficiary described in subsection (p)(1) of this section, if provided after the month in which the individual becomes such a beneficiary) for individuals, and, with respect to physicians or dentists services, at the option of the State, to individuals (other than individuals with respect to whom there is being paid, or who are eligible, or would be eligible if they were not in a medical institution, to have paid with respect to them a State supplementary payment and are eligible for medical assistance equal in amount, duration, and scope to the medical assistance made available to individuals described in section 1396a (a)(10)(A) of this title) not receiving aid or assistance under any plan of the State approved under subchapter I, X, XIV, or XVI of this chapter, or part A of subchapter IV of this chapter, and with respect to whom supplemental security income benefits are not being paid under subchapter XVI of this chapter, who are
(i) under the age of 21, or, at the option of the State, under the age of 20, 19, or 18 as the State may choose,
(ii) relatives specified in section 606 (b)(1)1 of this title with whom a child is living if such child is (or would, if needy, be) a dependent child under part A of subchapter IV of this chapter,
(iii) 65 years of age or older,

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(iv) blind, with respect to States eligible to participate in the State plan program established under subchapter XVI of this chapter,
(v) 18 years of age or older and permanently and totally disabled, with respect to States eligible to participate in the State plan program established under subchapter XVI of this chapter,
(vi) persons essential (as described in the second sentence of this subsection) to individuals receiving aid or assistance under State plans approved under subchapter I, X, XIV, or XVI of this chapter,
(vii) blind or disabled as defined in section 1382c of this title, with respect to States not eligible to participate in the State plan program established under subchapter XVI of this chapter,
(viii) pregnant women,
(ix) individuals provided extended benefits under section 1396r–6 of this title,
(x) individuals described in section 1396a (u)(1) of this title,
(xi) individuals described in section 1396a (z)(1) of this title,
(xii) employed individuals with a medically improved disability (as defined in subsection (v) of this section), or
(xiii) individuals described in section 1396a (aa)2 of this title, but whose income and resources are insufficient to meet all of such cost

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(1) inpatient hospital services (other than services in an institution for mental diseases);
(2) 
(A) outpatient hospital services,
(B)  consistent with State law permitting such services, rural health clinic services (as defined in subsection (l)(1) of this section) and any other ambulatory services which are offered by a rural health clinic (as defined in subsection (l)(1) of this section) and which are otherwise included in the plan, and
(C)  Federally-qualified health center services (as defined in subsection (l)(2) of this section) and any other ambulatory services offered by a Federally-qualified health center and which are otherwise included in the plan;
(3) other laboratory and X-ray services;
(4) 
(A) nursing facility services (other than services in an institution for mental diseases) for individuals 21 years of age or older;
(B)  early and periodic screening, diagnostic, and treatment services (as defined in subsection (r) of this section) for individuals who are eligible under the plan and are under the age of 21; and
(C)  family planning services and supplies furnished (directly or under arrangements with others) to individuals of child-bearing age (including minors who can be considered to be sexually active) who are eligible under the State plan and who desire such services and supplies;
(5) 
(A) physicians services furnished by a physician (as defined in section 1395x (r)(1) of this title), whether furnished in the office, the patients home, a hospital, or a nursing facility, or elsewhere, and
(B)  medical and surgical services furnished by a dentist (described in section 1395x (r)(2) of this title) to the extent such services may be performed under State law either by a doctor of medicine or by a doctor of dental surgery or dental medicine and would be described in clause (A) if furnished by a physician (as defined in section 1395x (r)(1) of this title);
(6) medical care, or any other type of remedial care recognized under State law, furnished by licensed practitioners within the scope of their practice as defined by State law;
(7) home health care services;
(8) private duty nursing services;
(9) clinic services furnished by or under the direction of a physician, without regard to whether the clinic itself is administered by a physician, including such services furnished outside the clinic by clinic personnel to an eligible individual who does not reside in a permanent dwelling or does not have a fixed home or mailing address;
(10) dental services;
(11) physical therapy and related services;
(12) prescribed drugs, dentures, and prosthetic devices; and eyeglasses prescribed by a physician skilled in diseases of the eye or by an optometrist, whichever the individual may select;
(13) other diagnostic, screening, preventive, and rehabilitative services, including any medical or remedial services (provided in a facility, a home, or other setting) recommended by a physician or other licensed practitioner of the healing arts within the scope of their practice under State law, for the maximum reduction of physical or mental disability and restoration of an individual to the best possible functional level;
(14) inpatient hospital services and nursing facility services for individuals 65 years of age or over in an institution for mental diseases;
(15) services in an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded (other than in an institution for mental diseases) for individuals who are determined, in accordance with section 1396a (a)(31) of this title, to be in need of such care;
(16) effective January 1, 1973, inpatient psychiatric hospital services for individuals under age 21, as defined in subsection (h) of this section;
(17) services furnished by a nurse-midwife (as defined in section 1395x (gg) of this title) which the nurse-midwife is legally authorized to perform under State law (or the State regulatory mechanism provided by State law), whether or not the nurse-midwife is under the supervision of, or associated with, a physician or other health care provider, and without regard to whether or not the services are performed in the area of management of the care of mothers and babies throughout the maternity cycle;
(18) hospice care (as defined in subsection (o) of this section);
(19) case management services (as defined in section 1396n (g)(2) of this title) and TB-related services described in section 1396a (z)(2)(F) of this title;
(20) respiratory care services (as defined in section 1396a (e)(9)(C) of this title);
(21) services furnished by a certified pediatric nurse practitioner or certified family nurse practitioner (as defined by the Secretary) which the certified pediatric nurse practitioner or certified family nurse practitioner is legally authorized to perform under State law (or the State regulatory mechanism provided by State law), whether or not the certified pediatric nurse practitioner or certified family nurse practitioner is under the supervision of, or associated with, a physician or other health care provider;
(22) home and community care (to the extent allowed and as defined in section 1396t of this title) for functionally disabled elderly individuals;
(23) community supported living arrangements services (to the extent allowed and as defined in section 1396u of this title);
(24) personal care services furnished to an individual who is not an inpatient or resident of a hospital, nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or institution for mental disease that are
(A)  authorized for the individual by a physician in accordance with a plan of treatment or (at the option of the State) otherwise authorized for the individual in accordance with a service plan approved by the State,
(B)  provided by an individual who is qualified to provide such services and who is not a member of the individuals family, and
(C)  furnished in a home or other location;
(25) primary care case management services (as defined in subsection (t) of this section);
(26) services furnished under a PACE program under section 1396u–4 of this title to PACE program eligible individuals enrolled under the program under such section;
(27) subject to subsection (x) of this section, primary and secondary medical strategies and treatment and services for individuals who have Sickle Cell Disease; and
(28) any other medical care, and any other type of remedial care recognized under State law, specified by the Secretary, except as otherwise provided in paragraph (16), such term does not include
(A) any such payments with respect to care or services for any individual who is an inmate of a public institution (except as a patient in a medical institution); or
(B) any such payments with respect to care or services for any individual who has not attained 65 years of age and who is a patient in an institution for mental diseases. For purposes of clause (vi) of the preceding sentence, a person shall be considered essential to another individual if such person is the spouse of and is living with such individual, the needs of such person are taken into account in determining the amount of aid or assistance furnished to such individual (under a State plan approved under subchapter I, X, XIV, or XVI of this chapter), and such person is determined, under such a State plan, to be essential to the well-being of such individual. The payment described in the first sentence may include expenditures for medicare cost-sharing and for premiums under part B of subchapter XVIII of this chapter for individuals who are eligible for medical assistance under the plan and
(A)  are receiving aid or assistance under any plan of the State approved under subchapter I, X, XIV, or XVI of this chapter, or part A of subchapter IV of this chapter, or with respect to whom supplemental security income benefits are being paid under subchapter XVI of this chapter, or
(B)  with respect to whom there is being paid a State supplementary payment and are eligible for medical assistance equal in amount, duration, and scope to the medical assistance made available to individuals described in section 1396a (a)(10)(A) of this title, and, except in the case of individuals 65 years of age or older and disabled individuals entitled to health insurance benefits under subchapter XVIII of this chapter who are not enrolled under part B of subchapter XVIII of this chapter, other insurance premiums for medical or any other type of remedial care or the cost thereof. No service (including counseling) shall be excluded from the definition of medical assistance solely because it is provided as a treatment service for alcoholism or drug dependency.
(b) Federal medical assistance percentage; State percentage; Indian health care percentage 
Subject to section 1396u–3 (d) of this title, the term Federal medical assistance percentage for any State shall be 100 per centum less the State percentage; and the State percentage shall be that percentage which bears the same ratio to 45 per centum as the square of the per capita income of such State bears to the square of the per capita income of the continental United States (including Alaska) and Hawaii; except that
(1)  the Federal medical assistance percentage shall in no case be less than 50 per centum or more than 83 per centum,
(2)  the Federal medical assistance percentage for Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa shall be 50 per centum,
(3)  for purposes of this subchapter and subchapter XXI of this chapter, the Federal medical assistance percentage for the District of Columbia shall be 70 percent, and
(4)  the Federal medical assistance percentage shall be equal to the enhanced FMAP described in section 1397ee (b) of this title with respect to medical assistance provided to individuals who are eligible for such assistance only on the basis of section 1396a (a)(10)(A)(ii)(XVIII) of this title. The Federal medical assistance percentage for any State shall be determined and promulgated in accordance with the provisions of section 1301 (a)(8)(B) of this title. Notwithstanding the first sentence of this section, the Federal medical assistance percentage shall be 100 per centum with respect to amounts expended as medical assistance for services which are received through an Indian Health Service facility whether operated by the Indian Health Service or by an Indian tribe or tribal organization (as defined in section 1603 of title 25). Notwithstanding the first sentence of this subsection, in the case of a State plan that meets the condition described in subsection (u)(1) of this section, with respect to expenditures (other than expenditures under section 1396r–4 of this title) described in subsection (u)(2)(A) of this section or subsection (u)(3) of this section for the State for a fiscal year, and that do not exceed the amount of the States available allotment under section 1397dd of this title, the Federal medical assistance percentage is equal to the enhanced FMAP described in section 1397ee (b) of this title.
(c) Nursing facility 
For definition of the term nursing facility, see section 1396r (a) of this title.
(d) Intermediate care facility for mentally retarded 
The term intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded means an institution (or distinct part thereof) for the mentally retarded or persons with related conditions if
(1) the primary purpose of such institution (or distinct part thereof) is to provide health or rehabilitative services for mentally retarded individuals and the institution meets such standards as may be prescribed by the Secretary;
(2) the mentally retarded individual with respect to whom a request for payment is made under a plan approved under this subchapter is receiving active treatment under such a program; and
(3) in the case of a public institution, the State or political subdivision responsible for the operation of such institution has agreed that the non-Federal expenditures in any calendar quarter prior to January 1, 1975, with respect to services furnished to patients in such institution (or distinct part thereof) in the State will not, because of payments made under this subchapter, be reduced below the average amount expended for such services in such institution in the four quarters immediately preceding the quarter in which the State in which such institution is located elected to make such services available under its plan approved under this subchapter.
(e) Physicians’ services 
In the case of any State the State plan of which (as approved under this subchapter)
(1) does not provide for the payment of services (other than services covered under section 1396a (a)(12) of this title) provided by an optometrist; but
(2) at a prior period did provide for the payment of services referred to in paragraph (1);

the term physicians services (as used in subsection (a)(5) of this section) shall include services of the type which an optometrist is legally authorized to perform where the State plan specifically provides that the term physicians services, as employed in such plan, includes services of the type which an optometrist is legally authorized to perform, and shall be reimbursed whether furnished by a physician or an optometrist.

(f) Nursing facility services 
For purposes of this subchapter, the term nursing facility services means services which are or were required to be given an individual who needs or needed on a daily basis nursing care (provided directly by or requiring the supervision of nursing personnel) or other rehabilitation services which as a practical matter can only be provided in a nursing facility on an inpatient basis.
(g) Chiropractors’ services 
If the State plan includes provision of chiropractors services, such services include only
(1) services provided by a chiropractor
(A)  who is licensed as such by the State and
(B)  who meets uniform minimum standards promulgated by the Secretary under section 1395x (r)(5) of this title; and
(2) services which consist of treatment by means of manual manipulation of the spine which the chiropractor is legally authorized to perform by the State.
(h) Inpatient psychiatric hospital services for individuals under age 21 

(1) For purposes of paragraph (16) of subsection (a) of this section, the term inpatient psychiatric hospital services for individuals under age 21 includes only
(A) inpatient services which are provided in an institution (or distinct part thereof) which is a psychiatric hospital as defined in section 1395x (f) of this title or in another inpatient setting that the Secretary has specified in regulations;
(B) inpatient services which, in the case of any individual
(i)  involve active treatment which meets such standards as may be prescribed in regulations by the Secretary, and
(ii)  a team, consisting of physicians and other personnel qualified to make determinations with respect to mental health conditions and the treatment thereof, has determined are necessary on an inpatient basis and can reasonably be expected to improve the condition, by reason of which such services are necessary, to the extent that eventually such services will no longer be necessary; and
(C) inpatient services which, in the case of any individual, are provided prior to
(i)  the date such individual attains age 21, or
(ii)  in the case of an individual who was receiving such services in the period immediately preceding the date on which he attained age 21,
(I)  the date such individual no longer requires such services, or
(II)  if earlier, the date such individual attains age 22;
(2) Such term does not include services provided during any calendar quarter under the State plan of any State if the total amount of the funds expended, during such quarter, by the State (and the political subdivisions thereof) from non-Federal funds for inpatient services included under paragraph (1), and for active psychiatric care and treatment provided on an outpatient basis for eligible mentally ill children, is less than the average quarterly amount of the funds expended, during the 4-quarter period ending December 31, 1971, by the State (and the political subdivisions thereof) from non-Federal funds for such services.
(i) Institution for mental diseases 
The term institution for mental diseases means a hospital, nursing facility, or other institution of more than 16 beds, that is primarily engaged in providing diagnosis, treatment, or care of persons with mental diseases, including medical attention, nursing care, and related services.
(j) State supplementary payment 
The term State supplementary payment means any cash payment made by a State on a regular basis to an individual who is receiving supplemental security income benefits under subchapter XVI of this chapter or who would but for his income be eligible to receive such benefits, as assistance based on need in supplementation of such benefits (as determined by the Commissioner of Social Security), but only to the extent that such payments are made with respect to an individual with respect to whom supplemental security income benefits are payable under subchapter XVI of this chapter, or would but for his income be payable under that subchapter.
(k) Supplemental security income benefits 
Increased supplemental security income benefits payable pursuant to section 211 of Public Law 9366 shall not be considered supplemental security income benefits payable under subchapter XVI of this chapter.
(l) Rural health clinics 

(1) The terms rural health clinic services and rural health clinic have the meanings given such terms in section 1395x (aa) of this title, except that
(A)  clause (ii) of section 1395x (aa)(2) of this title shall not apply to such terms, and
(B)  the physician arrangement required under section 1395x (aa)(2)(B) of this title shall only apply with respect to rural health clinic services and, with respect to other ambulatory care services, the physician arrangement required shall be only such as may be required under the State plan for those services.
(2) 
(A) The term Federally-qualified health center services means services of the type described in subparagraphs (A) through (C) of section 1395x (aa)(1) of this title when furnished to an individual as an[3] patient of a Federally-qualified health center and, for this purpose, any reference to a rural health clinic or a physician described in section 1395x (aa)(2)(B) of this title is deemed a reference to a Federally-qualified health center or a physician at the center, respectively.
(B) The term Federally-qualified health center means an entity which
(i) is receiving a grant under section 254b of this title,
(ii) 
(I) is receiving funding from such a grant under a contract with the recipient of such a grant, and
(II) meets the requirements to receive a grant under section 254b of this title,
(iii) based on the recommendation of the Health Resources and Services Administration within the Public Health Service, is determined by the Secretary to meet the requirements for receiving such a grant, including requirements of the Secretary that an entity may not be owned, controlled, or operated by another entity, or
(iv) was treated by the Secretary, for purposes of part B of subchapter XVIII of this chapter, as a comprehensive Federally funded health center as of January 1, 1990; and includes an outpatient health program or facility operated by a tribe or tribal organization under the Indian Self-Determination Act (Public Law 93638) [25 U.S.C. 450f et seq.] or by an urban Indian organization receiving funds under title V of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act [25 U.S.C. 1651 et seq.] for the provision of primary health services. In applying clause (ii),[4] the Secretary may waive any requirement referred to in such clause for up to 2 years for good cause shown.
(m) Qualified family member 

(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the term qualified family member means an individual (other than a qualified pregnant woman or child, as defined in subsection (n) of this section) who is a member of a family that would be receiving aid under the State plan under part A of subchapter IV of this chapter pursuant to section 6075 of this title if the State had not exercised the option under section 607 (b)(2)(B)(i)5 of this title.
(2) No individual shall be a qualified family member for any period after September 30, 1998.
(n) “Qualified pregnant woman or child” defined 
The term qualified pregnant woman or child means
(1) a pregnant woman who
(A) would be eligible for aid to families with dependent children under part A of subchapter IV of this chapter (or would be eligible for such aid if coverage under the State plan under part A of subchapter IV of this chapter included aid to families with dependent children of unemployed parents pursuant to section 607 of this title) if her child had been born and was living with her in the month such aid would be paid, and such pregnancy has been medically verified;
(B) is a member of a family which would be eligible for aid under the State plan under part A of subchapter IV of this chapter pursuant to section 607 of this title if the plan required the payment of aid pursuant to such section; or
(C) otherwise meets the income and resources requirements of a State plan under part A of subchapter IV of this chapter; and
(2) a child who has not attained the age of 19, who was born after September 30, 1983 (or such earlier date as the State may designate), and who meets the income and resources requirements of the State plan under part A of subchapter IV of this chapter.
(o) Optional hospice benefits 

(1) 
(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the term hospice care means the care described in section 1395x (dd)(1) of this title furnished by a hospice program (as defined in section 1395x (dd)(2) of this title) to a terminally ill individual who has voluntarily elected (in accordance with paragraph (2)) to have payment made for hospice care instead of having payment made for certain benefits described in section 1395d (d)(2)(A) of this title and for which payment may otherwise be made under subchapter XVIII of this chapter and intermediate care facility services under the plan. For purposes of such election, hospice care may be provided to an individual while such individual is a resident of a skilled nursing facility or intermediate care facility, but the only payment made under the State plan shall be for the hospice care.
(B) For purposes of this subchapter, with respect to the definition of hospice program under section 1395x (dd)(2) of this title, the Secretary may allow an agency or organization to make the assurance under subparagraph (A)(iii) of such section without taking into account any individual who is afflicted with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
(2) An individuals voluntary election under this subsection
(A) shall be made in accordance with procedures that are established by the State and that are consistent with the procedures established under section 1395d (d)(2) of this title;
(B) shall be for such a period or periods (which need not be the same periods described in section 1395d (d)(1) of this title) as the State may establish; and
(C) may be revoked at any time without a showing of cause and may be modified so as to change the hospice program with respect to which a previous election was made.
(3) In the case of an individual
(A) who is residing in a nursing facility or intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded and is receiving medical assistance for services in such facility under the plan,
(B) who is entitled to benefits under part A of subchapter XVIII of this chapter and has elected, under section 1395d (d) of this title, to receive hospice care under such part, and
(C) with respect to whom the hospice program under such subchapter and the nursing facility or intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded have entered into a written agreement under which the program takes full responsibility for the professional management of the individuals hospice care and the facility agrees to provide room and board to the individual,

instead of any payment otherwise made under the plan with respect to the facilitys services, the State shall provide for payment to the hospice program of an amount equal to the additional amount determined in section 1396a (a)(13)(B) of this title and, if the individual is an individual described in section 1396a (a)(10)(A) of this title, shall provide for payment of any coinsurance amounts imposed under section 1395e (a)(4) of this title.

(p) Qualified medicare beneficiary; medicare cost-sharing 

(1) The term qualified medicare beneficiary means an individual
(A) who is entitled to hospital insurance benefits under part A of subchapter XVIII of this chapter (including an individual entitled to such benefits pursuant to an enrollment under section 1395i–2 of this title, but not including an individual entitled to such benefits only pursuant to an enrollment under section 1395i–2a of this title),
(B) whose income (as determined under section 1382a of this title for purposes of the supplemental security income program, except as provided in paragraph (2)(D)) does not exceed an income level established by the State consistent with paragraph (2), and
(C) whose resources (as determined under section 1382b of this title for purposes of the supplemental security income program) do not exceed twice the maximum amount of resources that an individual may have and obtain benefits under that program.
(2) 
(A) The income level established under paragraph (1)(B) shall be at least the percent provided under subparagraph (B) (but not more than 100 percent) of the official poverty line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget, and revised annually in accordance with section 9902 (2) of this title) applicable to a family of the size involved.
(B) Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the percent provided under this clause, with respect to eligibility for medical assistance on or after
(i) January 1, 1989, is 85 percent,
(ii) January 1, 1990, is 90 percent, and
(iii) January 1, 1991, is 100 percent.
(C) In the case of a State which has elected treatment under section 1396a (f) of this title and which, as of January 1, 1987, used an income standard for individuals age 65 or older which was more restrictive than the income standard established under the supplemental security income program under subchapter XVI of this chapter, the percent provided under subparagraph (B), with respect to eligibility for medical assistance on or after
(i) January 1, 1989, is 80 percent,
(ii) January 1, 1990, is 85 percent,
(iii) January 1, 1991, is 95 percent, and
(iv) January 1, 1992, is 100 percent.
(D) 
(i) In determining under this subsection the income of an individual who is entitled to monthly insurance benefits under subchapter II of this chapter for a transition month (as defined in clause (ii)) in a year, such income shall not include any amounts attributable to an increase in the level of monthly insurance benefits payable under such subchapter which have occurred pursuant to section 415 (i) of this title for benefits payable for months beginning with December of the previous year.
(ii) For purposes of clause (i), the term transition month means each month in a year through the month following the month in which the annual revision of the official poverty line, referred to in subparagraph (A), is published.
(3) The term medicare cost-sharing means (subject to section 1396a (n)(2) of this title) the following costs incurred with respect to a qualified medicare beneficiary, without regard to whether the costs incurred were for items and services for which medical assistance is otherwise available under the plan:
(A) 
(i) premiums under section 1395i–2 or 1395i–2a of this title, and
(ii) premiums under section 1395r of this title,[6]
(B) Coinsurance under subchapter XVIII of this chapter (including coinsurance described in section 1395e of this title).
(C) Deductibles established under subchapter XVIII of this chapter (including those described in section 1395e of this title and section 1395l (b) of this title).
(D) The difference between the amount that is paid under section 1395l (a) of this title and the amount that would be paid under such section if any reference to 80 percent therein were deemed a reference to 100 percent.

Such term also may include, at the option of a State, premiums for enrollment of a qualified medicare beneficiary with an eligible organization under section 1395mm of this title.

(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, in the case of a State (other than the 50 States and the District of Columbia)
(A) the requirement stated in section 1396a (a)(10)(E) of this title shall be optional, and
(B) for purposes of paragraph (2), the State may substitute for the percent provided under subparagraph (B)[7] or[8] 1396a(a)(10)(E)(iii) of this title of such paragraph[7] any percent.

In the case of any State which is providing medical assistance to its residents under a waiver granted under section 1315 of this title, the Secretary shall require the State to meet the requirement of section 1396a (a)(10)(E) of this title in the same manner as the State would be required to meet such requirement if the State had in effect a plan approved under this subchapter.

(5) 
(A) The Secretary shall develop and distribute to States a simplified application form for use by individuals (including both qualified medicare beneficiaries and specified low-income medicare beneficiaries) in applying for medical assistance for medicare cost-sharing under this subchapter in the States which elect to use such form. Such form shall be easily readable by applicants and uniform nationally.
(B) In developing such form, the Secretary shall consult with beneficiary groups and the States.
(6) For provisions relating to outreach efforts to increase awareness of the availability of medicare cost-sharing, see section 1320b–14 of this title.
(q) Qualified severely impaired individual 
The term qualified severely impaired individual means an individual under age 65
(1) who for the month preceding the first month to which this subsection applies to such individual
(A) received
(i)  a payment of supplemental security income benefits under section 1382 (b) of this title on the basis of blindness or disability,
(ii)  a supplementary payment under section 1382e of this title or under section 212 of Public Law 9366 on such basis,
(iii)  a payment of monthly benefits under section 1382h (a) of this title, or
(iv)  a supplementary payment under section 1382e (c)(3), and
(B) was eligible for medical assistance under the State plan approved under this subchapter; and
(2) with respect to whom the Commissioner of Social Security determines that
(A) the individual continues to be blind or continues to have the disabling physical or mental impairment on the basis of which he was found to be under a disability and, except for his earnings, continues to meet all non-disability-related requirements for eligibility for benefits under subchapter XVI of this chapter,
(B) the income of such individual would not, except for his earnings, be equal to or in excess of the amount which would cause him to be ineligible for payments under section 1382 (b) of this title (if he were otherwise eligible for such payments),
(C) the lack of eligibility for benefits under this subchapter would seriously inhibit his ability to continue or obtain employment, and
(D) the individuals earnings are not sufficient to allow him to provide for himself a reasonable equivalent of the benefits under subchapter XVI of this chapter (including any federally administered State supplementary payments), this subchapter, and publicly funded attendant care services (including personal care assistance) that would be available to him in the absence of such earnings.

In the case of an individual who is eligible for medical assistance pursuant to section 1382h (b) of this title in June, 1987, the individual shall be a qualified severely impaired individual for so long as such individual meets the requirements of paragraph (2).

(r) Early and periodic screening, diagnostic, and treatment services 
The term early and periodic screening, diagnostic, and treatment services means the following items and services:
(1) Screening services
(A) which are provided
(i) at intervals which meet reasonable standards of medical and dental practice, as determined by the State after consultation with recognized medical and dental organizations involved in child health care and, with respect to immunizations under subparagraph (B)(iii), in accordance with the schedule referred to in section 1396s (c)(2)(B)(i) of this title for pediatric vaccines, and
(ii) at such other intervals, indicated as medically necessary, to determine the existence of certain physical or mental illnesses or conditions; and
(B) which shall at a minimum include
(i) a comprehensive health and developmental history (including assessment of both physical and mental health development),
(ii) a comprehensive unclothed physical exam,
(iii) appropriate immunizations (according to the schedule referred to in section 1396s (c)(2)(B)(i) of this title for pediatric vaccines) according to age and health history,
(iv) laboratory tests (including lead blood level assessment appropriate for age and risk factors), and
(v) health education (including anticipatory guidance).
(2) Vision services
(A) which are provided
(i) at intervals which meet reasonable standards of medical practice, as determined by the State after consultation with recognized medical organizations involved in child health care, and
(ii) at such other intervals, indicated as medically necessary, to determine the existence of a suspected illness or condition; and
(B) which shall at a minimum include diagnosis and treatment for defects in vision, including eyeglasses.
(3) Dental services
(A) which are provided
(i) at intervals which meet reasonable standards of dental practice, as determined by the State after consultation with recognized dental organizations involved in child health care, and
(ii) at such other intervals, indicated as medically necessary, to determine the existence of a suspected illness or condition; and
(B) which shall at a minimum include relief of pain and infections, restoration of teeth, and maintenance of dental health.
(4) Hearing services
(A) which are provided
(i) at intervals which meet reasonable standards of medical practice, as determined by the State after consultation with recognized medical organizations involved in child health care, and
(ii) at such other intervals, indicated as medically necessary, to determine the existence of a suspected illness or condition; and
(B) which shall at a minimum include diagnosis and treatment for defects in hearing, including hearing aids.
(5) Such other necessary health care, diagnostic services, treatment, and other measures described in subsection (a) of this section to correct or ameliorate defects and physical and mental illnesses and conditions discovered by the screening services, whether or not such services are covered under the State plan.

Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed as limiting providers of early and periodic screening, diagnostic, and treatment services to providers who are qualified to provide all of the items and services described in the previous sentence or as preventing a provider that is qualified under the plan to furnish one or more (but not all) of such items or services from being qualified to provide such items and services as part of early and periodic screening, diagnostic, and treatment services. The Secretary shall, not later than July 1, 1990, and every 12 months thereafter, develop and set annual participation goals for each State for participation of individuals who are covered under the State plan under this subchapter in early and periodic screening, diagnostic, and treatment services.

(s) Qualified disabled and working individual 
The term qualified disabled and working individual means an individual
(1) who is entitled to enroll for hospital insurance benefits under part A of subchapter XVIII of this chapter under section 1395i–2a of this title;
(2) whose income (as determined under section 1382a of this title for purposes of the supplemental security income program) does not exceed 200 percent of the official poverty line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget and revised annually in accordance with section 9902 (2) of this title) applicable to a family of the size involved;
(3) whose resources (as determined under section 1382b of this title for purposes of the supplemental security income program) do not exceed twice the maximum amount of resources that an individual or a couple (in the case of an individual with a spouse) may have and obtain benefits for supplemental security income benefits under subchapter XVI of this chapter; and
(4) who is not otherwise eligible for medical assistance under this subchapter.
(t) Primary care case management services; primary care case manager; primary care case management contract; and primary care 

(1) The term primary care case management services means case-management related services (including locating, coordinating, and monitoring of health care services) provided by a primary care case manager under a primary care case management contract.
(2) The term primary care case manager means any of the following that provides services of the type described in paragraph (1) under a contract referred to in such paragraph:
(A) A physician, a physician group practice, or an entity employing or having other arrangements with physicians to provide such services.
(B) At State option
(i) a nurse practitioner (as described in subsection (a)(21) of this section);
(ii) a certified nurse-midwife (as defined in section 1395x (gg) of this title); or
(iii) a physician assistant (as defined in section 1395x (aa)(5) of this title).
(3) The term primary care case management contract means a contract between a primary care case manager and a State under which the manager undertakes to locate, coordinate, and monitor covered primary care (and such other covered services as may be specified under the contract) to all individuals enrolled with the manager, and which
(A) provides for reasonable and adequate hours of operation, including 24-hour availability of information, referral, and treatment with respect to medical emergencies;
(B) restricts enrollment to individuals residing sufficiently near a service delivery site of the manager to be able to reach that site within a reasonable time using available and affordable modes of transportation;
(C) provides for arrangements with, or referrals to, sufficient numbers of physicians and other appropriate health care professionals to ensure that services under the contract can be furnished to enrollees promptly and without compromise to quality of care;
(D) prohibits discrimination on the basis of health status or requirements for health care services in enrollment, disenrollment, or reenrollment of individuals eligible for medical assistance under this subchapter;
(E) provides for a right for an enrollee to terminate enrollment in accordance with section 1396u–2 (a)(4) of this title; and
(F) complies with the other applicable provisions of section 1396u–2 of this title.
(4) For purposes of this subsection, the term primary care includes all health care services customarily provided in accordance with State licensure and certification laws and regulations, and all laboratory services customarily provided by or through, a general practitioner, family medicine physician, internal medicine physician, obstetrician/gynecologist, or pediatrician.
(u) Conditions for State plans 

(1) The conditions described in this paragraph for a State plan are as follows:
(A) The State is complying with the requirement of section 1397ee (d)(1) of this title.
(B) The plan provides for such reporting of information about expenditures and payments attributable to the operation of this subsection as the Secretary deems necessary in order to carry out the fourth sentence of subsection (b) of this section.
(2) 
(A) For purposes of subsection (b) of this section, the expenditures described in this subparagraph are expenditures for medical assistance for optional targeted low-income children described in subparagraph (B).
(B) For purposes of this paragraph, the term optional targeted low-income child means a targeted low-income child as defined in section 1397jj (b)(1) of this title (determined without regard to that portion of subparagraph (C) of such section concerning eligibility for medical assistance under this subchapter) who would not qualify for medical assistance under the State plan under this subchapter as in effect on March 31, 1997 (but taking into account the expansion of age of eligibility effected through the operation of section 1396a (l)(1)(D) of this title). Such term excludes any child eligible for medical assistance only by reason of section 1396a (a)(10)(A)(ii)(XIX) of this title.
(3) For purposes of subsection (b) of this section, the expenditures described in this paragraph are expenditures for medical assistance for children who are born before October 1, 1983, and who would be described in section 1396a (l)(1)(D) of this title if they had been born on or after such date, and who are not eligible for such assistance under the State plan under this subchapter based on such State plan as in effect as of March 31, 1997.
(4) The limitations on payment under subsections (f) and (g) of section 1308 of this title shall not apply to Federal payments made under section 1396b (a)(1) of this title based on an enhanced FMAP described in section 1397ee (b) of this title.
(v) Employed individual with a medically improved disability 

(1) The term employed individual with a medically improved disability means an individual who
(A) is at least 16, but less than 65, years of age;
(B) is employed (as defined in paragraph (2));
(C) ceases to be eligible for medical assistance under section 1396a (a)(10)(A)(ii)(XV) of this title because the individual, by reason of medical improvement, is determined at the time of a regularly scheduled continuing disability review to no longer be eligible for benefits under section 423 (d) or 1382c (a)(3) of this title; and
(D) continues to have a severe medically determinable impairment, as determined under regulations of the Secretary.
(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), an individual is considered to be employed if the individual
(A) is earning at least the applicable minimum wage requirement under section 206 of title 29 and working at least 40 hours per month; or
(B) is engaged in a work effort that meets substantial and reasonable threshold criteria for hours of work, wages, or other measures, as defined by the State and approved by the Secretary.
(w) Independent foster care adolescent 

(1) For purposes of this subchapter, the term independent foster care adolescent means an individual
(A) who is under 21 years of age;
(B) who, on the individuals 18th birthday, was in foster care under the responsibility of a State; and
(C) whose assets, resources, and income do not exceed such levels (if any) as the State may establish consistent with paragraph (2).
(2) The levels established by a State under paragraph (1)(C) may not be less than the corresponding levels applied by the State under section 1396u–1 (b) of this title.
(3) A State may limit the eligibility of independent foster care adolescents under section 1396a (a)(10)(A)(ii)(XVII) of this title to those individuals with respect to whom foster care maintenance payments or independent living services were furnished under a program funded under part E of subchapter IV of this chapter before the date the individuals attained 18 years of age.
(x) Strategies, treatment, and services 
For purposes of subsection (a)(27) of this section, the strategies, treatment, and services described in that subsection include the following:
(1) Chronic blood transfusion (with deferoxamine chelation) to prevent stroke in individuals with Sickle Cell Disease who have been identified as being at high risk for stroke.
(2) Genetic counseling and testing for individuals with Sickle Cell Disease or the sickle cell trait to allow health care professionals to treat such individuals and to prevent symptoms of Sickle Cell Disease.
(3) Other treatment and services to prevent individuals who have Sickle Cell Disease and who have had a stroke from having another stroke.
[1] See References in Text note below.
[2] Probably means the subsec. (aa) of section 1396a relating to certain breast or cervical cancer patients.
[3] So in original. Probably should be “a”.
[4] So in original. Probably should be clause “(iii),”. See References in Text note below.
[5] See References in Text note below.
[6] So in original. The comma probably should be a period.
[7] So in original. The words “of such paragraph” probably should follow “subparagraph (B)”.
[8] So in original. Probably should be “or section”.