422 F3d 1145 United States v. Crawford

422 F.3d 1145

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,
Antonio Feliciano CRAWFORD, Defendant-Appellant.

No. 03-30263.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

August 24, 2005.

George JC Jacobs, III, Esq., Office of the U.S. Attorney, Spokane, WA, for Plaintiff-Appellee.

Richard D. Wall, Esq., Attorney at Law, Spokane, WA, for Defendant-Appellant.

Before BRUNETTI, McKEOWN, and GOULD, Circuit Judges.


This case involves "extraordinary circumstances" sufficient to justify our recall of the mandate, Calderon v. Thompson, 523 U.S. 538, 550, 118 S.Ct. 1489, 140 L.Ed.2d 728 (1998); see also Nevius v. Sumner, 105 F.3d 453, 460-61 (9th Cir.1996), because: (1) the sentencing judge expressed explicit reservations on the record about the sentence required under the previously mandatory Sentencing Guidelines;1 and (2) the Supreme Court's decision in Blakely v. Washington, 542 U.S. 296, 124 S.Ct. 2531, 159 L.Ed.2d 403 (2004), foreshadowing its holding in United States v. Booker, ___ U.S. ___, 125 S.Ct. 738, 160 L.Ed.2d 621 (2005), was rendered before the mandate issued.2 Accordingly, we recall the mandate, vacate the sentence, and remand to the district court for resentencing pursuant to Booker, United States v. Ameline, 409 F.3d 1073, 1078-85 (9th Cir.2005) (en banc) (requiring resentencing where sentence was enhanced by extra-verdict findings under mandatory Guidelines if "possible to reliably determine from the record whether the sentence imposed would have been materially different had the district court known that the Guidelines were advisory"), and United States v. Moreno-Hernandez, 419 F.3d 906 (9th Cir.2005) (clarifying that relief under Booker and Ameline is available to all pending direct criminal appeals whether implicating the Sixth Amendment or just the nonconstitutional Booker error that the sentence was imposed under guidelines believed to be mandatory).



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The sentencing judge is on the record saying: "[T]his is the kind of case that causes a court like myself a great deal of agony because the sentencing ranges are extraordinarily high. I was — you know, you are always shocked to see these. Without the acceptance of responsibility, there may have been a low end sentence calculated at 262 months. You know, that is huge.... I mean, we are talking about serious consequences. . . ."


Our decision inUnited States v. King, 419 F.3d 1035 (9th Cir.2005) (per curiam), where we addressed Booker in denying the defendant's motion to recall the mandate, is distinguishable because neither of the special circumstances that we highlight in Crawford's case were present in King. At the same time, however, in stressing that our decision here rests on both the sentencing judge's expressed misgivings about the sentence required by the mandatory Guidelines as well as the relative timing of the Supreme Court's Blakely decision and the termination of our appellate jurisdiction, we do not suggest that these same elements must always be present in order for a mandate to be recalled. Rather future panels will necessarily evaluate the existence of "extraordinary circumstances" warranting the recall of a mandate based on the facts of their individual cases.