Robert Houghwout Jackson


Spring Creek, PA
Date of Death: 
Place of Death: 
Washington, DC
Race or Ethnicity: 
Prior Employment: 

Private practice, Jamestown, New York, 1913-1917, 1918-1934
Private practice, Buffalo, New York, 1917-1918
Corporation counsel, Jamestown, New York, 1918-1934
General counsel, Bureau of Internal Revenue, U.S. Department of the Treasury, 1934-1935
Special counsel, U.S. Department of the Treasury, 1935-1938
Special counsel, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, 1935-1938
Assistant attorney general, Tax Division, U.S. Department of Justice, 1936-1938
Solicitor general of the United States, 1938-1939
Attorney General of the United States, 1940-1941
Chief U.S. prosecutor, Nuremberg Trials, 1945-1946


Name of School: 

Albany Law School of Union University

Albany Law School is the oldest independent law school in the United States. It was founded in 1851 by Amos Dean (its dean until 1868), Amasa J. Parker, Ira Harris, and others.

Beginning in 1878, the Albany College of Pharmacy, Albany Law School, Albany Medical College, Dudley Observatory, Graduate College of Union University, and Union College created the loose association today known as Union University. Each member institution has its own governing board, is fiscally independent, and is responsible for its own programs.

Albany Law School has a historically close relationship with the New York Court of Appeals. One of the original members of the court, Greene C. Bronson, helped to found the law school. Since that time, Albany Law School alumni have been members of the court eight times with two serving as Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals. In addition, the school hosts the Fund for Modern Courts' Hugh R. Jones Memorial Lecture, which is typically given by a current or former member of the court.

Albany Law School offers 14 concentrations for J.D. candidates, as well as an L.L.M program, and joint J.D./M.B.A, J.D./M.P.A., J.D./M.R.P., J.D./M.S., and J.D./M.S.W. programs.

Name of School - Second: 
Read law
Degree Year - Second: 

Judicial Career

Court Name: 
Supreme Court of the United States
Court Name: 

Supreme Court of the United States

President Nominating: 
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Party Affiliation of President: 
Commission Date: 
Termination Date: 
Termination Reason: 
Bankruptcy and Magistrate Services: 

Allotment as Circuit Justice:
Second Circuit, October 14, 1941-November 12, 1945, October 14, 1946-October 9, 1954