42 USC 1396u2 - Provisions relating to managed care

(a) State option to use managed care 

(1) Use of medicaid managed care organizations and primary care case managers 

(A) In general 
Subject to the succeeding provisions of this section, and notwithstanding paragraph (1), (10)(B), or (23)(A) of section 1396a (a) of this title, a State
(i) may require an individual who is eligible for medical assistance under the State plan under this subchapter to enroll with a managed care entity as a condition of receiving such assistance (and, with respect to assistance furnished by or under arrangements with such entity, to receive such assistance through the entity), if

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(I) the entity and the contract with the State meet the applicable requirements of this section and section 1396b (m) of this title or section 1396d (t) of this title, and
(II) the requirements described in the succeeding paragraphs of this subsection are met; and
(ii) may restrict the number of provider agreements with managed care entities under the State plan if such restriction does not substantially impair access to services.
(B) “Managed care entity” defined 
In this section, the term managed care entity means
(i) a medicaid managed care organization, as defined in section 1396b (m)(1)(A) of this title, that provides or arranges for services for enrollees under a contract pursuant to section 1396b (m) of this title; and
(ii) a primary care case manager, as defined in section 1396d (t)(2) of this title.
(2) Special rules 

(A) Exemption of certain children with special needs 
A State may not require under paragraph (1) the enrollment in a managed care entity of an individual under 19 years of age who
(i) is eligible for supplemental security income under subchapter XVI of this chapter;
(ii) is described in section 701 (a)(1)(D) of this title;

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(iii) is described in section 1396a (e)(3) of this title;
(iv) is receiving foster care or adoption assistance under part E of subchapter IV of this chapter; or
(v) is in foster care or otherwise in an out-of-home placement.
(B) Exemption of medicare beneficiaries 
A State may not require under paragraph (1) the enrollment in a managed care entity of an individual who is a qualified medicare beneficiary (as defined in section 1396d (p)(1) of this title) or an individual otherwise eligible for benefits under subchapter XVIII of this chapter.
(C) Indian enrollment 
A State may not require under paragraph (1) the enrollment in a managed care entity of an individual who is an Indian (as defined in section 4(c) of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act of 1976 (25 U.S.C. 1603 (c)) unless the entity is one of the following (and only if such entity is participating under the plan):
(i) The Indian Health Service.
(ii) An Indian health program operated by an Indian tribe or tribal organization pursuant to a contract, grant, cooperative agreement, or compact with the Indian Health Service pursuant to the Indian Self-Determination Act [25 U.S.C. 450f et seq.].
(iii) An urban Indian health program operated by an urban Indian organization pursuant to a grant or contract with the Indian Health Service pursuant to title V of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act [25 U.S.C. 1651 et seq.].
(3) Choice of coverage 

(A) In general 
A State must permit an individual to choose a managed care entity from not less than two such entities that meet the applicable requirements of this section, and of section 1396b (m) of this title or section 1396d (t) of this title.
(B) State option 
At the option of the State, a State shall be considered to meet the requirements of subparagraph (A) in the case of an individual residing in a rural area, if the State requires the individual to enroll with a managed care entity if such entity
(i) permits the individual to receive such assistance through not less than two physicians or case managers (to the extent that at least two physicians or case managers are available to provide such assistance in the area), and
(ii) permits the individual to obtain such assistance from any other provider in appropriate circumstances (as established by the State under regulations of the Secretary).
(C) Treatment of certain county-operated health insuring organizations 
A State shall be considered to meet the requirement of subparagraph (A) if
(i) the managed care entity in which the individual is enrolled is a health-insuring organization which
(I) first became operational prior to January 1, 1986, or
(II) is described in section 9517(c)(3) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (as added by section 4734(2) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990), and
(ii) the individual is given a choice between at least two providers within such entity.
(4) Process for enrollment and termination and change of enrollment 
As conditions under paragraph (1)(A)
(A) In general 
The State, enrollment broker (if any), and managed care entity shall permit an individual eligible for medical assistance under the State plan under this subchapter who is enrolled with the entity under this subchapter to terminate (or change) such enrollment
(i) for cause at any time (consistent with section 1396b (m)(2)(A)(vi) of this title), and
(ii) without cause
(I) during the 90-day period beginning on the date the individual receives notice of such enrollment, and
(II) at least every 12 months thereafter.
(B) Notice of termination rights 
The State shall provide for notice to each such individual of the opportunity to terminate (or change) enrollment under such conditions. Such notice shall be provided at least 60 days before each annual enrollment opportunity described in subparagraph (A)(ii)(II).
(C) Enrollment priorities 
In carrying out paragraph (1)(A), the State shall establish a method for establishing enrollment priorities in the case of a managed care entity that does not have sufficient capacity to enroll all such individuals seeking enrollment under which individuals already enrolled with the entity are given priority in continuing enrollment with the entity.
(D) Default enrollment process 
In carrying out paragraph (1)(A), the State shall establish a default enrollment process
(i) under which any such individual who does not enroll with a managed care entity during the enrollment period specified by the State shall be enrolled by the State with such an entity which has not been found to be out of substantial compliance with the applicable requirements of this section and of section 1396b (m) of this title or section 1396d (t) of this title; and
(ii) that takes into consideration
(I) maintaining existing provider-individual relationships or relationships with providers that have traditionally served beneficiaries under this subchapter; and
(II) if maintaining such provider relationships is not possible, the equitable distribution of such individuals among qualified managed care entities available to enroll such individuals, consistent with the enrollment capacities of the entities.
(5) Provision of information 

(A) Information in easily understood form 
Each State, enrollment broker, or managed care entity shall provide all enrollment notices and informational and instructional materials relating to such an entity under this subchapter in a manner and form which may be easily understood by enrollees and potential enrollees of the entity who are eligible for medical assistance under the State plan under this subchapter.
(B) Information to enrollees and potential enrollees 
Each managed care entity that is a medicaid managed care organization shall, upon request, make available to enrollees and potential enrollees in the organizations service area information concerning the following:
(i) Providers The identity, locations, qualifications, and availability of health care providers that participate with the organization.
(ii) Enrollee rights and responsibilities The rights and responsibilities of enrollees.
(iii) Grievance and appeal procedures The procedures available to an enrollee and a health care provider to challenge or appeal the failure of the organization to cover a service.
(iv) Information on covered items and services All items and services that are available to enrollees under the contract between the State and the organization that are covered either directly or through a method of referral and prior authorization. Each managed care entity that is a primary care case manager shall, upon request, make available to enrollees and potential enrollees in the organizations service area the information described in clause (iii).
(C) Comparative information 
A State that requires individuals to enroll with managed care entities under paragraph (1)(A) shall annually (and upon request) provide, directly or through the managed care entity, to such individuals a list identifying the managed care entities that are (or will be) available and information (presented in a comparative, chart-like form) relating to the following for each such entity offered:
(i) Benefits and cost-sharing The benefits covered and cost-sharing imposed by the entity.
(ii) Service area The service area of the entity.
(iii) Quality and performance To the extent available, quality and performance indicators for the benefits under the entity.
(D) Information on benefits not covered under managed care arrangement 
A State, directly or through managed care entities, shall, on or before an individual enrolls with such an entity under this subchapter, inform the enrollee in a written and prominent manner of any benefits to which the enrollee may be entitled to under this subchapter but which are not made available to the enrollee through the entity. Such information shall include information on where and how such enrollees may access benefits not made available to the enrollee through the entity.
(b) Beneficiary protections 

(1) Specification of benefits 
Each contract with a managed care entity under section 1396b (m) of this title or under section 1396d (t)(3) of this title shall specify the benefits the provision (or arrangement) for which the entity is responsible.
(2) Assuring coverage to emergency services 

(A) In general 
Each contract with a medicaid managed care organization under section 1396b (m) of this title and each contract with a primary care case manager under section 1396d (t)(3) of this title shall require the organization or manager
(i) to provide coverage for emergency services (as defined in subparagraph (B)) without regard to prior authorization or the emergency care providers contractual relationship with the organization or manager, and
(ii) to comply with guidelines established under section 1395w–22 (d)(2) of this title (respecting coordination of post-stabilization care) in the same manner as such guidelines apply to Medicare+Choice plans offered under part C of subchapter XVIII of this chapter.

The requirement under clause (ii) shall first apply 30 days after the date of promulgation of the guidelines referred to in such clause.

(B) “Emergency services” defined 
In subparagraph (A)(i), the term emergency services means, with respect to an individual enrolled with an organization, covered inpatient and outpatient services that
(i) are furnished by a provider that is qualified to furnish such services under this subchapter, and
(ii) are needed to evaluate or stabilize an emergency medical condition (as defined in subparagraph (C)).
(C) “Emergency medical condition” defined 
In subparagraph (B)(ii), the term emergency medical condition means a medical condition manifesting itself by acute symptoms of sufficient severity (including severe pain) such that a prudent layperson, who possesses an average knowledge of health and medicine, could reasonably expect the absence of immediate medical attention to result in
(i) placing the health of the individual (or, with respect to a pregnant woman, the health of the woman or her unborn child) in serious jeopardy,
(ii) serious impairment to bodily functions, or
(iii) serious dysfunction of any bodily organ or part.
(D) Emergency services furnished by non-contract providers 
Any provider of emergency services that does not have in effect a contract with a Medicaid managed care entity that establishes payment amounts for services furnished to a beneficiary enrolled in the entitys Medicaid managed care plan must accept as payment in full no more than the amounts (less any payments for indirect costs of medical education and direct costs of graduate medical education) that it could collect if the beneficiary received medical assistance under this subchapter other than through enrollment in such an entity. In a State where rates paid to hospitals under the State plan are negotiated by contract and not publicly released, the payment amount applicable under this subparagraph shall be the average contract rate that would apply under the State plan for general acute care hospitals or the average contract rate that would apply under such plan for tertiary hospitals.
(3) Protection of enrollee-provider communications 

(A) In general 
Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), under a contract under section 1396b (m) of this title a medicaid managed care organization (in relation to an individual enrolled under the contract) shall not prohibit or otherwise restrict a covered health care professional (as defined in subparagraph (D)) from advising such an individual who is a patient of the professional about the health status of the individual or medical care or treatment for the individuals condition or disease, regardless of whether benefits for such care or treatment are provided under the contract, if the professional is acting within the lawful scope of practice.
(B) Construction 
Subparagraph (A) shall not be construed as requiring a medicaid managed care organization to provide, reimburse for, or provide coverage of, a counseling or referral service if the organization
(i) objects to the provision of such service on moral or religious grounds; and
(ii) in the manner and through the written instrumentalities such organization deems appropriate, makes available information on its policies regarding such service to prospective enrollees before or during enrollment and to enrollees within 90 days after the date that the organization adopts a change in policy regarding such a counseling or referral service.

Nothing in this subparagraph shall be construed to affect disclosure requirements under State law or under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 [29 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.].

(C) “Health care professional” defined 
For purposes of this paragraph, the term health care professional means a physician (as defined in section 1395x (r) of this title) or other health care professional if coverage for the professionals services is provided under the contract referred to in subparagraph (A) for the services of the professional. Such term includes a podiatrist, optometrist, chiropractor, psychologist, dentist, physician assistant, physical or occupational therapist and therapy assistant, speech-language pathologist, audiologist, registered or licensed practical nurse (including nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, certified registered nurse anesthetist, and certified nurse-midwife), licensed certified social worker, registered respiratory therapist, and certified respiratory therapy technician.
(4) Grievance procedures 
Each medicaid managed care organization shall establish an internal grievance procedure under which an enrollee who is eligible for medical assistance under the State plan under this subchapter, or a provider on behalf of such an enrollee, may challenge the denial of coverage of or payment for such assistance.
(5) Demonstration of adequate capacity and services 
Each medicaid managed care organization shall provide the State and the Secretary with adequate assurances (in a time and manner determined by the Secretary) that the organization, with respect to a service area, has the capacity to serve the expected enrollment in such service area, including assurances that the organization
(A) offers an appropriate range of services and access to preventive and primary care services for the population expected to be enrolled in such service area, and
(B) maintains a sufficient number, mix, and geographic distribution of providers of services.
(6) Protecting enrollees against liability for payment 
Each medicaid managed care organization shall provide that an individual eligible for medical assistance under the State plan under this subchapter who is enrolled with the organization may not be held liable
(A) for the debts of the organization, in the event of the organizations insolvency,
(B) for services provided to the individual
(i) in the event of the organization failing to receive payment from the State for such services; or
(ii) in the event of a health care provider with a contractual, referral, or other arrangement with the organization failing to receive payment from the State or the organization for such services, or
(C) for payments to a provider that furnishes covered services under a contractual, referral, or other arrangement with the organization in excess of the amount that would be owed by the individual if the organization had directly provided the services.
(7) Antidiscrimination 
A medicaid managed care organization shall not discriminate with respect to participation, reimbursement, or indemnification as to any provider who is acting within the scope of the providers license or certification under applicable State law, solely on the basis of such license or certification. This paragraph shall not be construed to prohibit an organization from including providers only to the extent necessary to meet the needs of the organizations enrollees or from establishing any measure designed to maintain quality and control costs consistent with the responsibilities of the organization.
(8) Compliance with certain maternity and mental health requirements 
Each medicaid managed care organization shall comply with the requirements of subpart 2 of part A of title XXVII of the Public Health Service Act [42 U.S.C. 300gg–4 et seq.] insofar as such requirements apply and are effective with respect to a health insurance issuer that offers group health insurance coverage.
(c) Quality assurance standards 

(1) Quality assessment and improvement strategy 

(A) In general 
If a State provides for contracts with medicaid managed care organizations under section 1396b (m) of this title, the State shall develop and implement a quality assessment and improvement strategy consistent with this paragraph. Such strategy shall include the following:
(i) Access standards Standards for access to care so that covered services are available within reasonable timeframes and in a manner that ensures continuity of care and adequate primary care and specialized services capacity.
(ii) Other measures Examination of other aspects of care and service directly related to the improvement of quality of care (including grievance procedures and marketing and information standards).
(iii) Monitoring procedures Procedures for monitoring and evaluating the quality and appropriateness of care and services to enrollees that reflect the full spectrum of populations enrolled under the contract and that includes requirements for provision of quality assurance data to the State using the data and information set that the Secretary has specified for use under part C of subchapter XVIII of this chapter or such alternative data as the Secretary approves, in consultation with the State.
(iv) Periodic review Regular, periodic examinations of the scope and content of the strategy.
(B) Standards 
The strategy developed under subparagraph (A) shall be consistent with standards that the Secretary first establishes within 1 year after August 5, 1997. Such standards shall not preempt any State standards that are more stringent than such standards. Guidelines relating to quality assurance that are applied under section 1396n (b)(1) of this title shall apply under this subsection until the effective date of standards for quality assurance established under this subparagraph.
(C) Monitoring 
The Secretary shall monitor the development and implementation of strategies under subparagraph (A).
(D) Consultation 
The Secretary shall conduct activities under subparagraphs (B) and (C) in consultation with the States.
(2) External independent review of managed care activities 

(A) Review of contracts 

(i) In general Each contract under section 1396b (m) of this title with a medicaid managed care organization shall provide for an annual (as appropriate) external independent review conducted by a qualified independent entity of the quality outcomes and timeliness of, and access to, the items and services for which the organization is responsible under the contract. The requirement for such a review shall not apply until after the date that the Secretary establishes the identification method described in clause (ii).
(ii) Qualifications of reviewer The Secretary, in consultation with the States, shall establish a method for the identification of entities that are qualified to conduct reviews under clause (i).
(iii) Use of protocols The Secretary, in coordination with the National Governors Association, shall contract with an independent quality review organization (such as the National Committee for Quality Assurance) to develop the protocols to be used in external independent reviews conducted under this paragraph on and after January 1, 1999.
(iv) Availability of results The results of each external independent review conducted under this subparagraph shall be available to participating health care providers, enrollees, and potential enrollees of the organization, except that the results may not be made available in a manner that discloses the identity of any individual patient.
(B) Nonduplication of accreditation 
A State may provide that, in the case of a medicaid managed care organization that is accredited by a private independent entity (such as those described in section 1395w–22 (e)(4) of this title) or that has an external review conducted under section 1395w–22 (e)(3) of this title, the external review activities conducted under subparagraph (A) with respect to the organization shall not be duplicative of review activities conducted as part of the accreditation process or the external review conducted under such section.
(C) Deemed compliance for medicare managed care organizations 
At the option of a State, the requirements of subparagraph (A) shall not apply with respect to a medicaid managed care organization if the organization is an eligible organization with a contract in effect under section 1395mm of this title or a Medicare+Choice organization with a contract in effect under part C of subchapter XVIII of this chapter and the organization has had a contract in effect under section 1396b (m) of this title at least during the previous 2-year period.
(d) Protections against fraud and abuse 

(1) Prohibiting affiliations with individuals debarred by Federal agencies 

(A) In general 
A managed care entity may not knowingly
(i) have a person described in subparagraph (C) as a director, officer, partner, or person with beneficial ownership of more than 5 percent of the entitys equity, or
(ii) have an employment, consulting, or other agreement with a person described in such subparagraph for the provision of items and services that are significant and material to the entitys obligations under its contract with the State.
(B) Effect of noncompliance 
If a State finds that a managed care entity is not in compliance with clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A), the State
(i) shall notify the Secretary of such noncompliance;
(ii) may continue an existing agreement with the entity unless the Secretary (in consultation with the Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services) directs otherwise; and
(iii) may not renew or otherwise extend the duration of an existing agreement with the entity unless the Secretary (in consultation with the Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services) provides to the State and to Congress a written statement describing compelling reasons that exist for renewing or extending the agreement.
(C) Persons described 
A person is described in this subparagraph if such person
(i) is debarred, suspended, or otherwise excluded from participating in procurement activities under the Federal Acquisition Regulation or from participating in nonprocurement activities under regulations issued pursuant to Executive Order No. 12549 or under guidelines implementing such order; or
(ii) is an affiliate (as defined in such Regulation) of a person described in clause (i).
(2) Restrictions on marketing 

(A) Distribution of materials 

(i) In general A managed care entity, with respect to activities under this subchapter, may not distribute directly or through any agent or independent contractor marketing materials within any State
(I) without the prior approval of the State, and
(II) that contain false or materially misleading information.

The requirement of subclause (I) shall not apply with respect to a State until such date as the Secretary specifies in consultation with such State.

(ii) Consultation in review of market materials In the process of reviewing and approving such materials, the State shall provide for consultation with a medical care advisory committee.
(B) Service market 
A managed care entity shall distribute marketing materials to the entire service area of such entity covered under the contract under section 1396b (m) of this title or section 1396d (t)(3) of this title.
(C) Prohibition of tie-ins 
A managed care entity, or any agency of such entity, may not seek to influence an individuals enrollment with the entity in conjunction with the sale of any other insurance.
(D) Prohibiting marketing fraud 
Each managed care entity shall comply with such procedures and conditions as the Secretary prescribes in order to ensure that, before an individual is enrolled with the entity, the individual is provided accurate oral and written information sufficient to make an informed decision whether or not to enroll.
(E) Prohibition of “cold-call” marketing 
Each managed care entity shall not, directly or indirectly, conduct door-to-door, telephonic, or other cold-call marketing of enrollment under this subchapter.
(3) State conflict-of-interest safeguards in medicaid risk contracting 
A medicaid managed care organization may not enter into a contract with any State under section 1396b (m) of this title unless the State has in effect conflict-of-interest safeguards with respect to officers and employees of the State with responsibilities relating to contracts with such organizations or to the default enrollment process described in subsection (a)(4)(C)(ii) of this section that are at least as effective as the Federal safeguards provided under section 423 of title 41, against conflicts of interest that apply with respect to Federal procurement officials with comparable responsibilities with respect to such contracts.
(4) Use of unique physician identifier for participating physicians 
Each medicaid managed care organization shall require each physician providing services to enrollees eligible for medical assistance under the State plan under this subchapter to have a unique identifier in accordance with the system established under section 1320d–2 (b) of this title.
(e) Sanctions for noncompliance 

(1) Use of intermediate sanctions by the State to enforce requirements 

(A) In general 
A State may not enter into or renew a contract under section 1396b (m) of this title unless the State has established intermediate sanctions, which may include any of the types described in paragraph (2), other than the termination of a contract with a medicaid managed care organization, which the State may impose against a medicaid managed care organization with such a contract, if the organization
(i) fails substantially to provide medically necessary items and services that are required (under law or under such organizations contract with the State) to be provided to an enrollee covered under the contract;
(ii) imposes premiums or charges on enrollees in excess of the premiums or charges permitted under this subchapter;
(iii) acts to discriminate among enrollees on the basis of their health status or requirements for health care services, including expulsion or refusal to reenroll an individual, except as permitted by this subchapter, or engaging in any practice that would reasonably be expected to have the effect of denying or discouraging enrollment with the organization by eligible individuals whose medical condition or history indicates a need for substantial future medical services;
(iv) misrepresents or falsifies information that is furnished
(I) to the Secretary or the State under this subchapter; or
(II) to an enrollee, potential enrollee, or a health care provider under such subchapter; or
(v) fails to comply with the applicable requirements of section 1396b (m)(2)(A)(x) of this title.

The State may also impose such intermediate sanction against a managed care entity if the State determines that the entity distributed directly or through any agent or independent contractor marketing materials in violation of subsection (d)(2)(A)(i)(II) of this section.

(B) Rule of construction 
Clause (i) of subparagraph (A) shall not apply to the provision of abortion services, except that a State may impose a sanction on any medicaid managed care organization that has a contract to provide abortion services if the organization does not provide such services as provided for under the contract.
(2) Intermediate sanctions 
The sanctions described in this paragraph are as follows:
(A) Civil money penalties as follows:
(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), (iii), or (iv), not more than $25,000 for each determination under paragraph (1)(A).
(ii) With respect to a determination under clause (iii) or (iv)(I) of paragraph (1)(A), not more than $100,000 for each such determination.
(iii) With respect to a determination under paragraph (1)(A)(ii), double the excess amount charged in violation of such subsection (and the excess amount charged shall be deducted from the penalty and returned to the individual concerned).
(iv) Subject to clause (ii), with respect to a determination under paragraph (1)(A)(iii), $15,000 for each individual not enrolled as a result of a practice described in such subsection.
(B) The appointment of temporary management
(i) to oversee the operation of the medicaid managed care organization upon a finding by the State that there is continued egregious behavior by the organization or there is a substantial risk to the health of enrollees; or
(ii) to assure the health of the organizations enrollees, if there is a need for temporary management while
(I) there is an orderly termination or reorganization of the organization; or
(II) improvements are made to remedy the violations found under paragraph (1), except that temporary management under this subparagraph may not be terminated until the State has determined that the medicaid managed care organization has the capability to ensure that the violations shall not recur.
(C) Permitting individuals enrolled with the managed care entity to terminate enrollment without cause, and notifying such individuals of such right to terminate enrollment.
(D) Suspension or default of all enrollment of individuals under this subchapter after the date the Secretary or the State notifies the entity of a determination of a violation of any requirement of section 1396b (m) of this title or this section.
(E) Suspension of payment to the entity under this subchapter for individuals enrolled after the date the Secretary or State notifies the entity of such a determination and until the Secretary or State is satisfied that the basis for such determination has been corrected and is not likely to recur.
(3) Treatment of chronic substandard entities 
In the case of a medicaid managed care organization which has repeatedly failed to meet the requirements of section 1396b (m) of this title and this section, the State shall (regardless of what other sanctions are provided) impose the sanctions described in subparagraphs (B) and (C) of paragraph (2).
(4) Authority to terminate contract 

(A) In general 
In the case of a managed care entity which has failed to meet the requirements of this part or a contract under section 1396b (m) or 1396d (t)(3) of this title, the State shall have the authority to terminate such contract with the entity and to enroll such entitys enrollees with other managed care entities (or to permit such enrollees to receive medical assistance under the State plan under this subchapter other than through a managed care entity).
(B) Availability of hearing prior to termination of contract 
A State may not terminate a contract with a managed care entity under subparagraph (A) unless the entity is provided with a hearing prior to the termination.
(C) Notice and right to disenroll in cases of termination hearing 
A State may
(i) notify individuals enrolled with a managed care entity which is the subject of a hearing to terminate the entitys contract with the State of the hearing, and
(ii) in the case of such an entity, permit such enrollees to disenroll immediately with the entity without cause.
(5) Other protections for managed care entities against sanctions imposed by State 
Before imposing any sanction against a managed care entity other than termination of the entitys contract, the State shall provide the entity with notice and such other due process protections as the State may provide, except that a State may not provide a managed care entity with a pre-termination hearing before imposing the sanction described in paragraph (2)(B).
(f) Timeliness of payment 
A contract under section 1396b (m) of this title with a medicaid managed care organization shall provide that the organization shall make payment to health care providers for items and services which are subject to the contract and that are furnished to individuals eligible for medical assistance under the State plan under this subchapter who are enrolled with the organization on a timely basis consistent with the claims payment procedures described in section 1396a (a)(37)(A) of this title, unless the health care provider and the organization agree to an alternate payment schedule.
(g) Identification of patients for purposes of making DSH payments 
Each contract with a managed care entity under section 1396b (m) of this title or under section 1396d (t)(3) of this title shall require the entity either
(1) to report to the State information necessary to determine the hospital services provided under the contract (and the identity of hospitals providing such services) for purposes of applying sections 1395ww (d)(5)(F) and 1396r–4 of this title; or
(2) to include a sponsorship code in the identification card issued to individuals covered under this subchapter in order that a hospital may identify a patient as being entitled to benefits under this subchapter.